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Ukraine And European Security - International Mechanisms
As Non-Military Options For National Security Of Ukraine.
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Chapter 2. Ukraine's National Interests. Existing Trends In Foreign And Security Policies.
Section 3. Future Prospects: Strengthening State Security Through Integration.
With respect to the latest conclusion of the previous section, there appears an important question, which will be discussed in following parts of this study - "What foreign policy strategy should implement Ukraine to protect its national security?". Difficult internal environment in Russia and the fact that Ukraine's Western neighbours may soon become members of the NATO Alliance add further importance to this problem.
Foremost, it is indisputable that real security can be achieved only with Ukraine's rapid and full integration into regional and, eventually, international economic, security and political structures and processes.
This evidence however, is suitable over the long run of time and it offers very little for a time of transition in Ukraine, as well as in Western international institutions themselves, that should last for several years. Thus, if integration to European institutions provide a solution for Ukraine's security problems, this will only happen over an extended period of time, during which Ukraine should build up and strength its sovereignty.
Considering this fact, it is possible to presuppose some options which Ukrainian leadership can implement in its policy-making during the transitional period. Thus, one can define them as following:
- to proceed with "gradual approach" of integration - by way of entering regional establishments (CIS, Vishegrad group) or establishing the new ones - through adapting to and approximating with common legislation, political, economic and security spheres of these establishments.
- or to comply with "evolutionary approach" ,(144) which means that during recent years Ukraine rejects closer integration into any collective security structure, but its security interests and concerns are considered either by appropriate treaties, or within cooperative political and security structures, like OSCE, UN, individual programs of cooperation (NATO Partnership for Peace and Partnership and Cooperation Agreement with the EU), etc.
Algthough, in terms of Linguistics two proposed definitions are very close in meaning and one can assume their differentiation as unclear dictochomy, such division was made intentionally and in order to show that each of the above-mentioned approaches does not exclude each other in possible application by Ukrainian leadership, as both perceive the same goal - Ukraine's full integration into European international establishments.
Finally, in the sence of duration, these two approaches would obviously be applicable rather in a short-term duration, as continuation of transitional phase in Ukraine and regarding current position of Ukrainian leaders, who emphasise "direct and immediate outcomes" in state policy conduct.(145)