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The System of Social Support and Help to
ex-officers and their families in Great Britain,
the United States of America and Russia


(Russia - 1996)


  1. Introduction
  2. The American system of resettlement
    1. The number of discharged military personnel
    2. Discharged military personnel in the civilian economy
    3. Adjustment to the civilian life
    4. Social work in the USA Army.

  3. Social Work with the serving and discharged military officers and their families in the UK.
    1. Visits to the UK
    2. The Resettlement Provision System

  4. The system of social help and support to ex-officers and their families in Russia:
    1. The current situation with the reduction of the Armed Forces.
    2. Legal basis of social guarantees of the Discharged Military Officers and their families.
    3. The support of the Western countries to the system of adjustment of ex-officers to the civilian life.

  5. The design of the resettlement system and social support in Tver
    1. Expected Composition of the Contingent of the discharged from the Armed Forces Servicemen in Tver.
    2. The concept of granting housing accommodation.
    3. A system of Choosing the Areas of Settling
    4. Resettlement of Servicemen
    5. Tver Social Welfare Provision Centre for ex-officers and their families.

  6. Conclusions
  7. References
  8. Appendices


The academic report is devoted to the NATO Programme, "Partnership for Peace".

This survey was written with the great wish to help and support ex-officers and their dependents, to exchange ideas and problems between countries facing these problems, to break stereotypes about officers and ex-officers, to show the difficulties of the discharged officer and his dependants.

I am very thankful to the NATO Office of Information and Press for giving me a scholarship to enable me to carry out this research.

I would also like to thank Tony Widmer, Director of Russian European Trust, Jack Hemsley, MOD, John Lough, representative of NATO Office in Moscow, Chris Donnely, Special Advisor for Central and Eastern Europe Affairs, NATO Brussels, Spyros C Philippas, Academic Affairs Officer, NATO Office of Information and Press, Henry Bellingham ,Member of Parliament for West Norfolk, England, Anne Woodruff Director of Social Work, Soldiers' Sailors' and Airmen's Families Association and General-Colonel German Titov, second man in space and Deputy of Russian Duma, for their consultation, advice and practical support.

I would also like to thank my father, Nikolay Kivaev, ex-colonel, participant of World War II, paratrooper with 40 years of experience, for upbringing my spirit of peace and interest to the problems of the Soviet and Russian Army Personnel.

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