Ukrainian soldiers at the common Drajkovce CP. Both nationalities
make use of various kind Kalasnikov's rifles. All the soldiers
are equipped with bullet-proof vests and Kevlar helmets.
with a Polish - Ukrainian agreement, POLUKRBAT was created to
participate in international missions organized under the auspices
of the UN or other organizations, according to the 8th Chapter
of United Nations Charter. Now the second rotation of the battalion
fulfills the peacekeeping mission on the southern part of Kosovo
in the MNB (East) KFOR.
their mission when the fights were in FYROM a month before the
"Essential Harvest" started. Having their area of responsibility
in the mountain terrain along Kosovo-FYROM border they have had
a very difficult task to prevent illegal NLA members to cross
the border and smuggle weapons. They made these challenges and
as MNB(East) commander said "they have done their job in an excellent
area of responsibility is Kacanik and Strpce municipality. In
Kacanik, inhabited only by K-Albanian, Poles operate mostly.
In Strpce in
the mostly Kosovo-Serb municipality Ukrainians operate. However
in both regions the battalion conducts different common polish-ukrainian
missions. In Strpce they have the largest Serbian enclave in Kosovo.
Every week the battalion provides a dozen or so convoys from Strpce
to the border point with Serbia or to any place in Kosovo. Convoys
include thirty vehicles and about two hundred K-Serbians and soldiers
from other KFOR nations.
was deployed in Kosovo on the 7th of August 2001. It consists
of elements from the Polish 5th Mountainous Infantry Battalion
and the Ukrainian sub-units of the 24th Armoured Division. The
POLUKRBAT structure on a mission in Kosovo is based on four motorised
companies (two Polish and two Ukrainian), Polish headquarters
company and logistic elements from both nationalities. There is
also one Lithuanian motorised platoon and a U.S. Component from
the Special Forces. Among the professional soldiers both Polish
and Ukrainian contingents have conscripted service. The mission
in Kosovo is normally 12 months for the soldiers, regardless of
LTC Jzef ANDRZEJ
MATUSZYK from the Polish Army commands battalion, while Maj Victor
GANUSCHAK from Ukrainian Army is deputy of commander. The main
base of POLUKRBAT is "White Eagle" Camp (WEC) in Raka village
7 km north from Kacanik town, where there is headquarters of battalion
and mixed polish-ukrainian staff. Polish companies and logistic
elements are accommodated in WEC, while two Ukrainian companies
are in Brezovica Base near Strpce village.
apsect is that no problems exist in the communication environment.
The official language for both nationalities is English, however
Polish and Ukrainian languages have many similarities so contact
between soldiers is very easy.
The main military
equipment the POLUKRBAT uses is quite similar between the nations.
Only national flags distinguish Polish and Ukrainian APCs. Both
use the BRDM-2 reconnaissance vehicle with 14.5 mm machine gun
centred on the hull. The small arms battalion uses many kinds
of very well known Russian Kalashnikov. The Ukrainians make use
of AKS 74 5.45 mm version, Poles have their own produced version
5.56mm "Beryl" and Lithuanian 7.62 mm AK 47. Jeeps are different.
The Polish make use of their own produced Honker, while the Ukrainians
use UAZ 469B and American Hummer jeeps.
Having the Area
of Responsibility with K-Albanian and K-Serbian inhabitants along
the Kosovo-FYROM border POLUKRBAT has many kind of mission tasks.
The primary are:
basic law in order to provide security for local population,
operations in order to prevent M-EAAG activities along the Kosovo-FYROM
security at the two Border Crossing Points with FYROM (Deneral
- checking vehicles
and persons at the permanent and temporary checkpoints,
escort for Serbian convoys from Strpce enclave,
the work of Kosovo Protection Corp,
- working closely
with UNMIK and providing assistance in support of humanitarian
aids as a part of CIMIC job in its AOR.