August 2004

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FACT SHEETS


MULTINATIONAL SPECIALIZED UNIT

The first Multinational Specialized Unit (MSU) was deployed to Bosnia and Herzegovina on 2 August 1998 in order to achieve Full Operational Capability by the time of the first elections following the signing of Dayton Peace Agreement. The unit was formed to bridge the gap between SFOR traditional military forces and 'civil police type' units, because of this the specialized force was organized along military lines and equipped to carry out a wide range of police and military tasks.

The MSU consists of Police Forces with military status who perform duties including civil disturbance operations. This type of force focuses on the civilian population, employs minimum force and often employs small units to accomplish the mission. However, the MSU is not a replacement for the BiH Police Forces and does not conduct criminal investigation beyond the scope of the SFOR mandate.

The Multinational Specialized Unit is an integral part of the SFOR and operates under SFOR Rules of Engagement within the mandate of Annex 1A of the General Framework Agreement for Peace (GFAP).

The MSU`s tasks are:

- to contribute in providing framework for military security operations;
- to fill the public order security gap;
- to support ICTY, OHR, EUPM, SBS and Local Police;
- to conduct special information gathering;
- to provide Force Reserve capability;
- to support the military presence;
- to monitor activities in order to enforce compliance with GFAP.

Humanitarian activities are also an important part of daily MSU operations. In the first half of 2004 the Unit carried out 43 humanitarian activities on behalf 10,235 persons.

The Multinational Specialized Unit contains about 600 troops from Austria, Hungary, Italy (Carabineri), Romania and Slovenia. In the future Multinational Police Unit becomes Integrated Police Unit. Following the mandate handover from NATO to EU by the end of this year this capability will remain in Bosnia and Herzegovina to ensure the continuing safe and secure environment and to support local Law Enforcement organizations in fulfilling their tasks.