The Field Training Exercise “Effective Response”
As a test of the new command structure
The Kosovo Force’s transition from the Task Forces to the Battle Groups stands for adaptation of troops’ capabilities to the positive achievements in the security situation’s development in Kosovo. At the same time KFOR’s adaptation of the Battle Group structure requires more agility and mobility with relying on more flexible operations throughout Kosovo.
The Field Training Exercise “Effective Response” from 15 January 2010 was intended to test the new command structures in the Multinational Battle Group South (MNBG S). The generic scenario was based on “worst case”-situation development. According to the scenario, the aggressors tried to destroy places, which are of special importance for the other ethnicity.
Exercise in progress
From one hand, the attackers’ acts were characterized by growing aggression and dynamic efforts to push through defenders. For this aim the demonstrators constantly increased psychological pressure by graduating from tries to get in talks to crying out slogans against the KFOR. Later on physical impact and some improvised resources were used, such as bottles with water, wooden sticks, stones etc.
On the other hand, the main goal of defenders consisted of quick deployment, setting up security zones and preventing the attackers from advancing to the objects that were to be protected. Beside the CRC equipped soldiers, a K9 team and a fire fighting vehicle, which used its water canon, participated. This complex application of troops and resources in combination with units’ manoeuvrability led to the good result – establishing control of the situation.
New strategy: flexibility and mobility
The successful management of this “worst case” scenario shows that KFOR’s new structure will be able to provide security at any time and any place in Kosovo. Such a result was achieved due to new strategies based on the active usage of best characteristics of forces in 21st Century: mobility, flexibility and agility. Actually, according to the majority of military experts, the success in operations depends on well-time usage of high mobile tactical reserves, like KFOR Tactical Reserve Manoeuvre Battalion (KTM) and Multinational Specialized Unit, as well as on flexible and mobile regular forces like Battle Groups, which are always ready to react and deploy units in the area of responsibility.
Story by Lieutenant Colonel Serhiy Panchenko, Ukrainian Army
Photos by Captain Dominik Westerkamp, German Army