[ NATO IFOR ]
Vienna
Jan. 26, 1996

Agreement

on Confidence- and Security Building in Bosnia-Herzegovina


The Parties concerned with Article II of Annex 1-B of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina have engaged in negotiations under the auspices of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (hereinafter referred to as "the OSCE") and have agreed upon a series of measures to enhance mutual confidence and reduce the risk of conflict in accordance with that Article.

Desiring to implement the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina (hereinafter "the Peace Agreement") fully, and in particular to fulfill the Provisions set forth in the Agreement on Regional Stabilization (hereinafter "Annex 1-B"),

They have agreed, in accordance with their rights and obligations under the Peace Agreement and its Annexes, to implement the following:


Article I: Definitions

For the purposes of this Agreement:

  1. "Annex 1-A" means Annex 1-A of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Agreement on the Military Aspects of the Peace Settlement.

  2. "Annex 1-B" means Annex 1-B of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Agreement on Regional Stabilization.

  3. The term "Point of Contact" means a Party's authorized representative or representatives to the Personal Representative which shall be designated by each Party not later than 10 days after entry into force of this Agreement and shall ensure uninterrupted communication of it with its relevant political and military authorities.

  4. The term "zone of application" means the entire territories of the Parties.

  5. The term "Inter-Entity Boundary Line" means the boundary line between the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republika Srpska, as defined in Article I of Annex 2 of the General Framework Agreement: Agreement on Inter-Entity Boundary Line and Related Issues.

  6. The term "weapon manufacturing facility" means any facility in which heavy weapons, munitions for these weapons, mines and other weapons used in military forces, including small arms, are or may be produced, including after non-significant modification of the manufacturing facility.

  7. The term "battle tank" means a self-propelled armoured fighting vehicle, capable of heavy firepower, primarily of a high muzzle velocity direct fire main gun necessary to engage armoured and other targets, with high cross-country mobility, with a high level of self-protection, and which is not designed and equipped primarily to transport combat troops. Such armoured vehicles serve as the principal weapon system of ground-force tank and other armoured formations.

    Battle tanks are tracked armoured fighting vehicles which weigh at least 16,5 metric tons unladen weight and which are armed with a 360-degree traverse gun of at least 75 millimeters calibre. In addition, any wheeled armoured fighting vehicles entering into service which meet all the other criteria stated above shall also be deemed battle tanks.

  8. The term "armoured combat vehicle" means a self-propelled vehicle with armoured protection and cross-country capability. Armoured combat vehicles include armoured personnel carriers, armoured infantry fighting vehicles, and heavy armament combat vehicles.

    The term "armoured personnel carrier" means an armoured combat vehicle which is designed and equipped to transport a combat infantry squad and which, as a rule, is armed with an integral or organic weapon of less than 20 millimeters calibre.

    The term "armoured infantry fighting vehicle" means an armoured combat vehicle which is designed and equipped primarily to transport a combat infantry squad, which normally provides the capability for the troops to deliver fire from inside the vehicle under armoured protection, and which is armed with an integral or organic cannon of at least 20 millimeters calibre and sometimes an antitank missile launcher. Armoured infantry fighting vehicles serve as the principal weapon system of armoured infantry or mechanized infantry or motorized infantry formations and units of ground forces.

    The term "heavy armament combat vehicle" means an armoured combat vehicle with an integral or organic direct fire gun of at least 75 millimeters calibre, weighing at least 6,0 metric tons unladen weight, which does not fall within the definition of an armoured personnel carrier, or an armoured infantry fighting vehicle or a battle tank.

  9. The term "unladen weight" means the weight of a vehicle excluding the weight of ammunition, fuel, oil and lubricants; removable reactive armour; spare parts, tools and accessories; removable snorkeling equipment; and crew and their personal kit.

  10. The term "artillery" means large calibre systems capable of engaging ground targets by delivering primarily indirect fire. Such artillery systems provide the essential indirect fire support to combined arms formations.

    Large calibre artillery systems are guns, howitzers, artillery pieces combining the characteristics of guns and howitzers, mortars and multiple launch rocket system with a calibre of 75 millimeter and above. In addition, any future large calibre direct fire system which has a secondary effective indirect fire capability shall be covered.

  11. The term "armoured vehicle launched bridge" means a self-propelled armoured transporter-launcher vehicle capable of carrying and, through built-in mechanisms, of emplacing and retrieving a bridge structure. Such a vehicle with a bridge structure operates as an integrated system.

  12. The term "combat aircraft" means a fixed-wing or variable-geometry wing aircraft armed and equipped to engage targets by employing guided missiles, unguided rockets, bombs, cannons or other weapons of destruction, as well as any model or version of such an aircraft which performs other military functions such as reconnaissance or electronic warfare. The term "combat aircraft" does not include unarmed trainer aircraft.

  13. The term "combat helicopter" means a rotary wing aircraft armed and equipped to engage targets or equipped to perform other military functions. The term "combat helicopter" does not include unarmed transport helicopters.

  14. The terms "armoured personnel carrier look-alike" and "armoured infantry fighting vehicle look-alike" mean an armoured vehicle based on the same chassis as, and externally similar to, an armoured personnel carrier or an armoured infantry fighting vehicle, which does not have a cannon or a gun 20 millimeters calibre or greater and which has been constructed or modified in such a way as not to permit the transportation of a combat infantry squad.

    Taking into account the provisions of the Geneva Convention "For the Amelioration of the Conditions of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field" of 12 August 1949 that confer a special status on ambulances, armoured personnel carrier ambulances shall not be deemed armoured combat vehicles or armoured personnel carrier look-alikes.

  15. The term "heavy weapons" means all tanks and armoured vehicles, all artillery 75 mm and above, all mortars 81 mm and above, and all anti-aircraft weapons 20 mm and above.

  16. The term "forces" means all formations and units, both combat and support, of the land, naval, air, and air defense forces of the Parties.

  17. The term "personnel" means all military personnel both of peacetime and reserve units in all formations and units in all institutions in all branches and services.

  18. The term "Personal Representative" means the Personal Representative of the Chairman-in-Office of the OSCE or his/her designated agent(s), who is designated by the Chairman-in-Office in consultation with the Parties.

  19. The term "military activity" means activities, including deployment, re-deployment, mobilization, concentration, movement of forces, exercise, training, etc. with the engagement of land, naval, air or air defense forces of any of the Parties under a single command.

  20. The term "exit/entry point" means the geographic point at which foreign forces enter or leave the zone of application.

  21. The term "military base" means a facility or a precisely delineated geographic location at which one or more military formations/units are permanently or temporarily based and where all unit activities take place except military exercises.

  22. The term "IFOR" means the multinational military force established under Article I, paragraph 1(A) of Annex 1-A of the General Framework Agreement.

  23. The term "unusual military activity" means any military activity which is threatening due to its size, location, direction of fire or other specific features of the activity.

  24. The term "hazardous incident of a military nature" means accidents or other events caused by military vehicles, other military equipment or materiel threatening civilian population or the security of another Party.

  25. The term "military exercise" means activities of units and/or formations envisaged by a training programme, carried out with weapons and equipment on permanent or temporary training sites/exercise sites or on other areas specially designated for such activities.

  26. The term "mobilization" means the organized call-up of combat and combat support personnel and elements of commands to report to designated assembly sites where weapons and other military equipment are available or are being transported out of reserve storage and connected with the called up personnel. This process includes establishment of management and command for the formations and units being mobilized as well as a necessary minimum of refresher training for carrying assigned tasks.

  27. The term "demobilization" means an activity by which mobilized personnel are dismissed from units and commands, and upon which materiel is returned to their owners or is stored at reserves storage, or is allocated to peacetime units. Demobilization is carried out in order to re-establish peacetime conditions after the state of war, or to disband units mobilized for training or military exercises.

  28. The term "special operations" means the offensive activities of organized military or para-military groups, such as reconnaissance forward of force positions, and the preparation and carrying out of sabotage, diversions or assassinations.

  29. The term "armed civilian group" means any group of three or more armed persons not wearing uniforms.

  30. The term "conventional armaments and equipment" means armaments as defined in definitions 7, 8, 10, 11, 12, 13, and 14 above.

  31. The term "foreign forces" means any armed and organized group or formation or individuals (civilian, police or military) coming from any country to the zone of application, whether entering illegally or coming with the approval of the relevant authorities of the Parties.

  32. The term "storage site" means areas on the ground or underground shelters where weapons, ammunition, combat or non-combat vehicles, communication devices, fuel, mines or other explosive devices or other military equipment are or can be collected and kept.

  33. The term "training site" means an area with appropriate infrastructure used for training of military formations or units which can be used by peacetime or wartime units without leaving their barracks/garrison, where such units are located.

  34. The term "exercise site" means an area which is suitable for training in conditions similar to a possible conflict (war) situation. The deployment to such sites requires movement of formations and units from peacetime locations.



Article II
Confidence- and Security-building Measures

Measure I: Exchange of Military Information

  1. Exchange of Information
    1. The Parties shall exchange information on their forces concerning the military organization, manpower, and major weapons systems, as specified below, in the zone of application. Information shall be exchanged annually on 15 December each year and shall be valid as of 01 January for the next year. In addition, for 1996 information shall also be exchanged on 15 June valid as of the following 01 July.

      The first exchange of information - exchange of baseline data - shall take place on 15 February 1996, and shall be valid as of 1 March 1996.

      Information shall be provided in an agreed format (see Annex 2) to each Party as well as to the OSCE through the Personal Representative.

      The information shall include all personnel and organizations with a military capability, including national guards, military reserves, military police, ministry of internal affairs special troops, police, and paramilitary troops with conventional armaments. On all other such organizations only the command structures and the overall personnel strength shall be included in the information.

    2. The Parties shall include the following in their information:

      1. Information on the command organization of all forces under the control of the Party or within the territory under its control, specifying the designation and subordination of all formations and units at each level of command down to and including brigade/regiment, independent battalion or equivalent level.

      2. Information on the Party's total equipment holdings in each of the categories as well as information on each military and civilian installation, storage site or production plant having battle tanks, armoured combat vehicles, artillery pieces, combat aircraft or combat helicopters, as well as formation and unit down to and including the brigade/regiment, independent battalion or equivalent level specifying:

        1. the designation and subordination;

        2. the location of its headquarters by exact geographic terms and coordinates;

        3. the personnel strength;

        4. the major organic weapons and equipment systems, specifying the numbers of each type of:

          • battle tanks

          • armoured combat vehicles (armoured personnel carriers, armoured infantry fighting vehicles, heavy armament combat vehicles)

          • armoured personnel carrier look-alikes and armoured infantry fighting vehicle look-alikes)

          • artillery pieces

          • combat aircraft

          • combat helicopters

          • anti-tank guided missile launchers, permanently/ integrally mounted on armoured vehicles

        5. The information provided shall be verified in accordance with the provisions of the Protocol on Verification.

        6. The verification of the baseline data, i.e. data provided on 15 February 1996 shall only take place in 1996, shall start on 1 March 1996 and shall last 120 days.

  2. Data Relating to Major Weapon and Equipment Systems
    1. The Parties shall exchange data relating to their major weapon and equipment systems.

    2. Data on existing weapon and equipment systems shall be provided to each Party and to the OSCE through the Personal Representative not later than 1 March 1996.

    3. Data on new types or versions of major weapon and equipment systems shall be provided by the Parties when its deployment plans for the systems concerned are provided in an agreed format (see Annex 2), for the first time on 1 March 1996 or, at the latest, when it deploys the systems concerned for the first time.

    4. Each Party shall, at the time the data are presented, ensure that each Party and the OSCE through the Personal Representative are provided with photographs presenting the right or left side, top and front views for each of the types of major weapon and equipment systems concerned.

    Photographs of armoured personnel carrier look-alikes and armoured infantry fighting vehicle look-alikes shall include a view of such vehicles so as to show clearly their internal configuration illustrating the specific characteristic which distinguishes each particular vehicle as a look-alike.

    The photographs of each type shall be accompanied by a note giving the type designation and national nomenclature for all models and versions of the type which the photographs represent. The photographs of a type shall contain an annotation of the data for that type.

  3. Demonstration of New Types of Major Weapon and Equipment Systems
    1. The Party which deploys with its military forces a new type of major weapon and equipment system shall arrange at the earliest opportunity, but not later than 90 days after deployment has started, a demonstration for representatives of each Party and the Personal Representative. This demonstration may coincide with other events stipulated in this Agreement.

    2. The modalities regarding demonstration of new types of major weapon and equipment systems shall, mutatis mutandis, conform to the provisions in paragraph (III) of Measure XI.

    3. The invited Party may decide whether to send military and/or civilian visitors. Military visitors shall normally wear their uniforms and insignia during the visit.

  4. Information on Plans for the Deployment of Major Weapon and Equipment Systems
    1. The Parties shall exchange annually information on their plans for the deployment of major weapon and equipment systems.

    2. The information shall be provided in an agreed format to each Party and to the OSCE through the Personal Representative the first time on 15 May, 1996 and thereafter not later than 15 December of each year. It shall cover plans for the following year and shall include:

      • the type and name of the weapon/equipment systems to be deployed;

      • the total number of each weapon/equipment system;

      • whenever possible, the number of each weapon/equipment system planned to be allocated to each formation or unit;

      • the extent to which the deployment shall add to or replace existing weapon/equipment systems.

  5. Information on Defence Related Matters
    1. In a written statement the Parties shall inform each other and the OSCE through the Personal Representative, every year, two months after the military budget has been approved by the relevant authorities, in the form of a general description:

      • the size, structure, personnel, major weapon and equipment systems and deployment of their armed forces and the proposed changes thereto,

      • the training programs for their armed forces and planned changes thereto in the forthcoming years;

      • the procurement of major equipment and major military construction programs on the basis of the categories as set out in the United Nations "Instrument for Standardized International Reporting of Military Expenditures" adopted on 12 December 1980 either ongoing or starting in the forthcoming years, if planned, and the implications of such projects, accompanied by explanations, where appropriate; and

      • the realization of the intentions previously reported under this paragraph.

    2. In order to facilitate the understanding of the information provided, the Parties are encouraged to use illustrative charts and maps, wherever applicable.

Measure II: Notification of Changes in Command Structure or Equipment Holdings

Each Party shall notify each Party and the OSCE through the Personal Representative in an agreed format (see Annex 2) of:

  1. Any permanent change in the command structure of its armed forces, not later than 10 days before such change occurs.

  2. Any change of 10 per cent or more, lasting 20 days or more, in personnel, the holdings of battle tanks, armoured combat vehicles, artillery, combat aircraft and combat helicopters assigned to any of its military units, down to and including brigade/regiment, independent battalion or equivalent level. Such notification shall be provided not later than 10 days after such change occurs, indicating actual holdings after the notified change.

  3. The information provided shall be verified in accordance with the provisions of the Protocol on Verification.

Measure III: Risk Reduction

  1. Mechanism for Consultation and Co-Operation as Regards Unusual Military Activities
    1. The Parties shall consult and cooperate with each other about any unusual military activities.

    2. The Party which has concerns, or the Personal Representative, shall in such a case transmit a request for an explanation to the other Party where the activity is taking place and shall, at the same time, also inform each Party and the Personal Representative.

      The request shall state the cause or causes of the concern and, to the extent possible, the type and location or area of the activity. The lack of precise data in the request cannot serve as a reason not to comply with the request.

    3. The reply shall be transmitted to the requesting Party and the Personal Representative as soon as possible, but in any case within not more than 48 hours after receipt of the request.

    4. The reply shall give answers to the questions raised, as well as contain any relevant information which might clarify the activity giving rise to concern.

    5. The requesting Party and/or the Personal Representative, after considering the reply provided, shall have the right to request a meeting with the responding Party to discuss the matter. The request for such a meeting shall also be transmitted to each Party.

    6. Such a meeting shall be convened immediately, but in any case not later than within 24 hours of receipt of a request.

    7. Such a meeting shall be held at a venue mutually agreed upon by the requesting and the responding Party. If there is no agreement on the venue at least 8 hours before the meeting is scheduled, the venue shall be decided by the Personal Representative and shall be communicated to each Party without delay. In taking such a decision the Personal Representative shall consider the specific circumstances for all Parties to be able to attend the meeting.

    8. Such a meeting shall be chaired by the Personal Representative. A factual report of the meeting shall be prepared by the Personal Representative and shall be transmitted to each Party without delay.

    9. Should these procedures fail to produce an agreement on the clarification of the questions raised, the Personal Representative shall issue an impartial assessment of the situation and shall propose to the Parties any necessary steps to reduce tension.

  2. Co-Operation as Regards Hazardous Incidents of a Military Nature
    1. The Parties shall cooperate by reporting and clarifying hazardous incidents of a military nature in order to prevent possible misunderstandings and mitigate the effects on another Party.

    2. In the event of such a hazardous incident the Party whose forces are involved in the incident shall provide the information available on this incident to each Party and the Personal Representative without delay. Any Party and/or the Personal Representative shall have the right to request clarification of the incident, as appropriate. Such requests shall receive an answer within 24 hours.

Measure IV: Notification and Observation of and Constraints on Certain Military Activities

  1. Notification
    1. The Parties shall notify in writing and agreed formats (see Annex 2) each Party and the Personal Representative 42 days or more in advance of the start of notifiable military activities.

    2. Each of the following military activities conducted as a single activity at or above the levels defined below shall be notified.

    3. The military activity shall be subject to notification when the forces or equipment engaged exceeds any one of the following categories at any time during the activity:

      • 1.500 troops, including support
      • 25 battle tanks
      • 40 armoured combat vehicles
      • 40 artillery pieces
      • 3 combat aircraft
      • 5 combat helicopters

    4. The participation of the air forces of the Parties shall be included in the notification if in the course of the activity 60 or more sorties by combat aircraft or/and combat helicopters shall be flown, independently or in connection with the activities or land forces.

    5. Notification shall be given separately of each notifiable military activity of the following:

      • general information;

      • the designation of the military activity, including the tactical purpose of each phase of the activity;

      • the general purpose of the military activity;

      • the area in which the military activity is carried out delimited by geographic features and geographic coordinates;

      • the level of command organizing and commanding the military activity;

      • the designation, subordination, number and type of units;

      • the total number of battle tanks, armoured combat vehicles, artillery pieces, combat aircraft, combat helicopters and troops;

      • the total number of aircraft sorties;

      • the purpose of air missions;

      • the engagement of military forces in an amphibious landing, heliborne landing or parachute assault;

      • in case of a notifiable landing, the point(s) of notifiable amphibious/ heliborne landing(s),

      • the engagement of the Parties' forces in a transfer from/to outside the area of application and the arrival and/or concentration point(s);

      • the start and end dates of the military activity.

  2. Observation
    1. The Parties shall invite observers from each Party and the OSCE through the Personal Representative to the notifiable military activities.

    2. Each Party may send up to two observers and the OSCE through the Personal Representative up to four observers to the military activity to be observed. The invited Party shall decide whether to send military and/or civilian observers. Military observers shall wear their uniforms and insignia while performing their tasks. No observer shall have weapons.

    3. The observation shall last from the beginning until the end of the military activity.

    4. The receiving Party shall be responsible for the security and safety of the observers during the entire period of their stay.

    5. The observers may make additional requests with regard to the observation program. The receiving Party shall, if possible, accede to them.

    6. The receiving Party shall ensure that the personnel and troops taking part in the observed military activity, as well as other armed personnel and military and civilian authorities, are adequately informed of the presence, status, program and functions of observers.

    7. The Parties shall, to the extent possible, permit media representatives from each Party to attend observed military activities in accordance with the concrete accreditation procedures. The general provisions of these accreditation procedures shall be set down by the Personal Representative (see Annex 6). Concrete instructions shall be issued, on this basis, by the receiving Party.

    8. The presence of the observers shall not interfere with the normal activities of the units participating in the observed military activity. The presence of media representatives shall not interfere with the observers carrying out their functions nor with the flow of military activity.

    9. The receiving Party shall provide the observers with transportation from a suitable location announced in the invitation to the military activity. This location shall be determined and transportation shall be organized in such a way that observers are in position before the start of the observation program. It shall also provide the observers with appropriate means of transportation in the area of the military activity and return the observers to the same or another suitable location, announced in the invitation, at the conclusion of the observation program.

    10. The receiving Party shall provide the observers with board and lodging during the observation program and shall bear the costs for them. All other costs shall be born be the sending Party.

  3. Constraining Measures
    1. No Party shall carry out in 1996 and 1997 more than one military activity involving more than any one of the following categories at any time during the activity:

      • 4.000 troops, including support
      • 80 battle tanks
      • 100 armoured combat vehicles
      • 100 artillery pieces
      • 15 combat aircraft
      • 20 combat helicopters

    2. Thereafter no Party shall carry out within two calendar years more than one military activity involving more than any one of the following categories at any time during the activity:

      • 16.000 troops, including support
      • 80 battle tanks
      • 100 armoured combat vehicles
      • 100 artillery pieces
      • 25 combat aircraft
      • 30 combat helicopters

    3. No Party shall carry out within a calendar year more than three military activities involving more than any one of the following categories at any time during the activity:

      • 7.000 troops, including support
      • 75 battle tanks
      • 100 armoured combat vehicles
      • 100 artillery pieces
      • 15 combat aircraft
      • 20 combat helicopters

    4. Of these military activities no Party shall carry out more than three within a calendar year.

    5. Of these military activities no Party shall carry out two or more simultaneously.

    6. The duration of any exercise shall not exceed the duration specified in the annual calendar.

    7. The Parties shall communicate in writing and agreed format to each Party and the Personal Representative by 15 November each year, the first time by 15 March 1996, information - the annual calendar (see Annex 2)- concerning military activities subject to constraints as defined in this Measure. Such a communication shall include preliminary information on the activity, as to its general purpose, time-frame and duration, area, size, planned forces involved.

    8. If a Party does not forecast any such military activity, it shall so inform each Party and the Personal Representative in the same manner.

    9. No Party shall carry out a military activity subject to the provisions of this Measure, unless it has been the object of communication as defined above and unless it has been included in the annual calendar, not later than 15 November each year and 15 March in 1996, respectively.

    10. If notifiable military activities not subject to constraining measures but subject to prior notification shall be carried out, they should be limited to a minimum, agreed upon by the Parties and the Personal Representative before the exchange of annual calendars.

Measure V: Restrictions on Military Deployments and Exercises in Certain Geographic Areas

  1. All military activities shall be conducted in previously designated and specified cantonment/barracks or other designated areas as established and agreed to under the provisions of Annex 1-A during the mandate of the IFOR.

  2. The Parties shall not conduct or participate in notifiable military activities as defined in Measure IV within 10 kilometers of:

    • an international border;

    • either side of the Inter-Entity Boundary Line between the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republika Srpska, as established under Article I of Annex 2 of the General Framework Agreement;

    • the city limits of the city of Gorazde and the boundaries of the all-weather road and/or interim routes to that city as specified in Article IV, paragraph 2 of Annex 1-A; the limitations regarding the interim routes only apply as long as they are in use;

    • the agreed city limits of the city of Brcko and all areas within the Posavina Corridor,

    • territory transferred from one entity to another entity under the provisions of Annex 2 for two years after the transfer;

  3. The provisions of this Measure shall be verified in accordance with the provisions of the Protocol on Verification.

Measure VI: Restraints on the Reintroduction of Foreign Forces

  1. All forces in Bosnia and Herzegovina as defined in Annex 1-A of the General Framework Agreement as of December 14, 1995 which are not of local origin, whether or not they are legally and militarily subordinated to Bosnia and Herzegovina or the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina or the Republika Srpska, in particular all foreign forces, including individual advisers, freedom fighters, trainers, volunteers and personnel from neighbouring or any other states, which are withdrawn together with their armaments and equipment in accordance with Article III of Annex 1-A, shall not be reintroduced into the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  2. The Parties shall notify each other and the Personal Representative on the first of each month on the status of any foreign military personnel that are physically present on their territory.

  3. The provisions of this Measure shall be verified in accordance with the Protocol on Verification.

Measure VII: Withdrawal of Forces and Heavy Weapons to Cantonments/Barracks or Other Designated Areas

  1. The Parties shall withdraw their forces and heavy weapons to cantonments/barracks or other designated areas by April 18, 1996 as provided in Annex 1-A.

  2. The Parties shall inform each Party and the Personal Representative by 18 April 1996 of any forces or heavy weapons not removed to cantonments/barracks or other designated areas on that date.

  3. The Parties not later than 18 April 1996 shall demobilize and disband any forces not removed to cantonments/barracks or other designated areas by 18 April, 1996. The Parties shall inform each Party and the Personal Representative on their steps taken for this purpose on that day.

  4. The Parties shall not remove their forces or heavy weapons from the designated areas except as provided under paragraphs 5 and 6 of this Measure.

  5. Heavy weapons and military forces may be removed for exercises. The Parties shall notify each Party and the Personal Representative of their intention to remove these forces and weapons, in writing and in an agreed format (see Annex 2) at least 21 days in advance stating:

    • the overall number of personnel to be removed,
    • the number of equipment to be removed by type,
    • the purpose of the removal,
    • the duration of the removal,
    • the place where the weapons removed shall be deployed during their removal.

  6. Heavy weapons and forces shall be returned immediately to cantonment/barracks or other designated areas at the conclusion of the exercise.

  7. The provisions of this Measure shall be verified in accordance with the provisions of the Protocol on Verification.

Measure VIII: Restrictions on Locations of Heavy Weapons

  1. The Parties shall, commencing April 18, 1996 maintain heavy weapons exclusively in cantonments/barracks or other areas designated by the IFOR Commander in accordance with the provisions of Annex 1-A.

  2. The Parties shall not remove these heavy weapons from such areas at least until 31 December 1997.

  3. Heavy weapons may be removed only in accordance with paragraphs 5 and 6 of Measure VII.

  4. The provisions of this Measure shall be verified in accordance with the provisions of the Protocol on Verification.

Measure IX: Notification of Disbandment of Special Operations and Armed Civilian Groups

  1. Special Operations
    1. The Parties shall inform each Party and the Personal Representative in writing and agreed format (See Annex 2) of all special operations groups by 1 March 1996.

    2. The Parties shall not resume the operation of these groups.

    3. The Parties agree that, in the event that a Party or the Personal Representative becomes aware that such a group is conducting activities, forbidden by Annexes 1-A and 1-B on the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina, either in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina or in the Republika Srpska, and informs the Party in whose territory such a group is active, the Party on whose territory the group is active shall immediately commence an investigation of the group, in cooperation with the Personal Representative.

      The Party carrying out the investigation shall present the results of the investigation to each Party and the Personal Representative not later than 48 hours after the receipt of the information.

      If the investigation identifies the activities of such a group, the Party on whose territory the group is active shall ensure the immediate halting of the activities of the group within 48 hours and include the steps taken for this purpose in the investigation report.

  2. Armed Civilian Groups
    1. Taking into account that all armed civilian groups were to be disbanded in accordance with Annex 1-A, the Parties agree that, in the event that a Party or the Personal Representative becomes aware that an armed civilian group exists on the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina and informs the Party in whose territory such a group is present, the Party on whose territory the group is present shall immediately commence an investigation of the group, in cooperation with the Personal Representative.

    2. If the investigation determines the existence of an armed civilian group on the territory of any one Party, then the Party on whose territory such a group exists shall ensure the disbanding of that group immediately but not later than 48 hours after the conclusion of the investigation. The respective Party shall inform each party and the Personal Representative on the results of the investigation as well as the as steps taken for the purpose of disbandment of such groups.

    3. The provisions of this Measure shall be verified in accordance with the provisions of the Protocol on Verification.

Measure X: Identification and Monitoring of Weapons Manufacturing Capabilities

  1. The Parties shall provide each Party and the OSCE through the Personal Representative with a list of all weapon manufacturing facilities identifying their name and location by exact geographical coordinates not later than 12 April, 1996. Thereafter this information shall be provided annually, by 15 December each year.

    The information shall include data on the production rates and disaggregated production of the manufacturing facilities.

  2. Monitoring of notified weapon manufacturing facilities shall be carried out, at the request of any one Party or the Personal Representative, through visits. Such visits of any one facility shall not take place more frequently than once every month. The modalities for such a visit shall be in accordance with the provisions of Section II, III, IV, V, VI, VII, IX and X of the Protocol on Verification.

Measure XI: Programme of Military Contacts and Co-operation

  1. Military Contacts
  2. To improve their mutual relations in the interest of strengthening the process of confidence- and security-building, the Parties shall voluntarily promote and facilitate:

    • exchanges and visits between members of the armed forces at all levels, especially those between junior officers and commanders;

    • contacts between relevant military institutions, especially between military units;

    • exchanges and contacts between academics and experts in military studies and related areas;

    • participation and contribution by members of the armed forces of the Parties, as well as civil experts in security matters and defence policy, to academic conferences, seminars and symposia;

    • issuing of joint academic publications on security and defence issues;

    • sporting and cultural events between members of their armed forces.

  3. Military Co-Operation
  4. Joint military exercises and training
    The Parties shall conduct, on a voluntary basis and as appropriate, joint military training and exercises to work on tasks of mutual interest.

    Provision of experts
    The Parties express their willingness to provide to any other Party available experts to be consulted on matters of defence and security.

    The modalities regarding provision of experts shall be agreed directly between the Parties concerned.

    Seminars on co-operation in the military field
    Subject to the approval of the appropriate OSCE bodies, the Conflict Prevention Center shall organize seminars on co-operation between the armed forces of the Parties.

    The agenda of the seminars shall concentrate primarily on OSCE-oriented tasks, including the participation of the armed forces in peacekeeping operations, in disaster and emergency relief, in refugee crises, and in providing humanitarian assistance.

    Exchange of information on agreements on military contacts and co-operation
    The Parties shall exchange information on agreements on programs of military contacts and co-operation concluded with other Parties within the scope of these provisions.

  5. Visits to Military Bases
    1. Each Party with military formations/units reported under Measure I shall arrange visits for representatives of each Party and the Personal Representative to one of its normal peacetime military bases where such formations/ units are located in order to provide the visitors with the opportunity to view the activity at the military base, including preparations to carry out the functions of the formation/unit and to gain an impression of the basic mission of the formation/unit stationed there.

    2. No Party shall be obliged to arrange more than two such visits every year.

    3. As a rule, up to two visitors from each Party and the Personal Representative shall be invited.

    4. The invited Party may decide whether to send military and/or civilian visitors. Military visitors shall normally wear their uniforms and insignia during the visit.

    5. The visit to the military base shall last for a minimum of 24 hours.

    6. In the course of the visit, the visitors shall be given a briefing on the purpose and functions of the military base and on its current activities, including appropriate information on the force structure and operations so as to explain the specific role and subordination of the military base. The Party arranging the visit shall provide the visitors with the opportunity to view routine activities at the military base during the visit.

    7. The visitors shall have the opportunity to communicate with commanders and troops, including those of support/logistic formations/units located at the military base. They shall be provided with the opportunity to view all types of equipment located at the military base.

    8. At the close of the visit, the Party arranging the visit shall provide an opportunity for the visitors to meet together and also with Party officials and senior military base personnel to discuss the course of the visit.

  6. Establishment of Military Liaison Missions
  7. The Parties reiterate their obligation to comply with the Provisions of the Protocol on the Establishment of Military Liaison Mission, adopted on January 5, 1996 in Vienna.

Measure XII: Principles Governing Non-Proliferation

The Parties shall contribute to efforts to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons, the acquisition, development, production, stockpiling and use of chemical and biological weapons and to control the transfer of missiles capable of delivering weapons of mass destruction and their components and technology.

Measure XIII: Verification and Inspection Regime

  1. The information provided in accordance with the provisions of this Agreement shall be verified in accordance with the provisions of the Protocol on Verification.

  2. The verification of the information provided shall be carried out, as a rule, through on-site inspections, observation and monitoring. Different measures may require different verification procedures. Nothing in this Agreement shall inhibit the use of technical means of verification.

  3. Verification shall be the responsibility of the Parties. The OSCE shall assist the Parties in the implementation.

  4. Detailed verification procedures are set out in the Protocol on Verification.

Measure XIV: Communications

  1. The Parties shall establish direct communication lines between the Commanders/Chiefs of Armed Forces of the Parties as well as with the Personal Representative not later than 1 March 1996.

  2. Initially, these lines shall provide for direct connection. Later on the lines may be upgraded to provide for on-line computer connection. Secure lines may also be added.

  3. The Personal Representative shall support the Parties in efforts to establish these communication lines.

  4. Detailed procedures for communications are set out in the Protocol on Communication.

Measure XV: Implementation Assessment

  1. The Parties shall create a Joint Consultative Commission. The Joint Consultative Commission shall be composed of one high-level representative of each Party and the Personal Representative.

  2. The Personal Representative shall chair the meetings of the Joint Consultative Commission in 1996 and in 1997. Thereafter the Joint Consultative Commission shall be chaired by the Parties on the basis of rotation. The Personal Representative shall remain a member of the Joint Consultative Commission. Decisions of the Joint Consultative Commission shall be taken by consensus. In urgent matters, when delay would endanger the implementation of this Agreement, the Personal Representative shall, in 1996 and 1997 propose to the Parties steps to facilitate the implementation of the Agreement.

  3. Detailed procedures for the functioning of the Joint Consultative Commission are set out in the Protocol on the Joint Consultative Commission.



Article III

The provisions of this Agreement do not apply to the IFOR, the International Police Task Force referred to in the General Framework Agreement, or other elements referred to in Article I, paragraph 1(c) of Annex 1-A of the General Framework Agreement.


Article IV
Privileges and Immunities

  1. To exercise their functions effectively, for the purpose of implementing the Agreement and not for their personal benefit, inspectors, crew members, observers, monitors and visitors, and Representatives in the Joint Consultative Commission shall be accorded the following privileges and immunities:

    • their person shall be inviolable. He/she shall not be liable to any form of arrest or detention. The receiving Party shall treat them with due respect and shall take all appropriate steps to prevent any attack on his/her person, freedom or dignity;

    • their residence shall enjoy the same inviolability and protection as the working premises. His/her papers, correspondence and his/her property shall likewise enjoy inviolability, except in an action outside his/her official functions;

    • they shall enjoy immunity from criminal jurisdiction of the receiving Party and also enjoy immunity from its civil and administrative jurisdiction. They shall not be obliged to give evidence as a witness. Their immunity from the jurisdiction of the receiving Party shall not exempt them from the jurisdiction of the sending Party;

    • they shall be exempted from all dues and taxes, personal or real, national, regional or municipal;

    • they shall be exempted from all personal services, from all public service of any kind whatsoever, and from military obligations such as those connected with requisitioning, military contributions and billeting;

    • they shall be permitted entry of, and granted exemption from all custom duties, and related charges other than charges for storage, cartage and similar services on, articles for the official use of the mission and articles for their personal use.

  2. The transportation means of the inspection team shall be inviolable, except as otherwise provided for in the Agreement.

  3. The inspecting Party may waive the immunity from jurisdiction of any of its inspectors or crew members, observers, monitors and visitors, members of Military Liaison Missions and Representatives in the Joint Consultative Commission in those cases when it is of the opinion that immunity would impede the course of justice and that it can be waived without prejudice to the implementation of the provisions of the Agreement. Waiver must always be express.

  4. The privileges and immunities provided for in this Article shall be accorded to inspectors, crew members, observers, monitors and visitors, members of and Representatives in the Joint Consultative Commission:

    1. while transiting through the territory of any Party;

    2. throughout their presence on the territory of the Party where the inspection is carried out; and

    3. thereafter with respect to acts previously performed in the exercise of official functions as an inspector, crew member, observer, monitor and visitor, and Representatives in the Joint Consultative Commission.

  5. If the inspected Party considers that an inspector, crew member, observer, monitor and visitor, member of Military Liaison Missions and Representative in the Joint Consultative Commission has abused his or her privileges and immunities, then the provisions set forth in Section III paragraph 4, 5 and 7 of the Protocol on Verification shall apply. At the request of any of the Parties concerned, consultations shall be held between them in order to prevent a repetition of such an abuse.


Article V

Application of the General Framework Agreement

    The Parties hereby agree and understand that nothing contained in this Agreement or its Annexes shall be interpreted or understood to alter, change, amend, or otherwise modify any of the conditions, provisions, commitments, responsibilities, or obligations of the Parties contained in the General Framework Agreement For Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Amendments and Right of Withdrawal

    This Agreement shall be of unlimited duration. It may be supplemented by amendments or an additional Agreement. The Parties, however, hereby specifically agree not to withdraw from this Agreement during the calendar years of 1996 and 1997. Following the end of calendar year 1997, each Party shall have the right to withdraw from this Agreement if it determines that extraordinary events related to the subject matter of this Agreement have jeopardized its interests. A Party intending to withdraw shall give notice of its decision to do so to each Party and to the OSCE through the Personal Representative. This notice shall be in writing and shall include a statement of the extraordinary events that the Party intending to withdraw regards as having jeopardized its interests. The withdrawal shall take effect 2 months after such notification.

    Any Party may propose amendments to this Agreement. In 1996 and 1997 the text of a proposed amendment shall be submitted to the Personal Representative, who shall circulate it to each Party. The Personal Representative may decide to convene a meeting of the Joint Consultative Commission to discuss the proposed amendment. Thereafter proposed amendments shall be submitted to the Chairman of the Joint Consultative Commission who shall convene its meeting. If an amendment is approved by all the Parties it shall enter into force in accordance with the procedures set forth in this Article governing the entry into force of this Agreement.

Review Conference

    The OSCE, by the Personal Representative shall convene a Review Conference on February 15, 1998. After that the Parties shall decide to hold Review Conferences regularly, at least once every second year.

Entry Into Force

    This Agreement shall enter into force at 24.00 on January 26, 1996.

    Done in Vienna on the 26 January, 1996 in the English language. Authentic translation into the languages of the Parties shall be provided by the Personal Representative.


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