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UNSCR 1325: a happy 10th birthday?

It's been 10 years since the UN called for greater participation of women in conflict resolution, improved respect for women's rights in conflicts and more women's perspectives in peacekeeping. How much difference has this made to women's fortunes?

 Subtitles: On / Off

Women and female kids

are the first victims of any war.

We are normally used

as an element of the war strategy.

If you look at women's situation,

they are really at the bottom

in both conflicts

and in other bad conditions.

What I find with resolution 1325

is that it covers a lot.

It covers that the woman

who is on ground,

part of the local population... How

can we protect them from being hurt?

If you look at this

from a power perspective,

from a capital perspective,

this is about changing attitudes

and changing the game of power.

The resolution of United Nations 1325

has been a milestone.

The most important resolution

we have ever had

in terms of fighting against

sexual violence against women.

In Spain, for instance,

we have a particular action plan

in order to implement the resolution

and I can tell you

that it's been very important,

and I want to highlight it,

the NATO's effort

in order to implement this resolution

in our peacekeeping operations.

If we look at our mission Afghanistan,

it's clear

that female soldiers are actually able

to discuss

with the population on ground.

The women are allowed

to talk with our female soldiers,

but not with our male soldiers.

So therefore, this is an opportunity

to reach out for the population

and do it in the right way,

without harming culture or religion.

In general, statistics say that women,

we have a greater sensibility

in peace building,

peace maintaining, peace promoting.

One of our best skills is our capacity

of dialogue and consensus.

There is no country that can waste

50% of intelligence and knowledge,

which is women.

Most important is that whenever

we plan and train our soldiers,

we should consider

that having women on board

is giving a better climate,

and giving us opportunities

that we don't have

with male soldiers only.

In Spain,

to be in the military as a woman,

it was forbidden twenty years ago.

Now, 12% of our armed forces

are women,

9% in operations.

And Spain is right now the second

country in the European Union

in terms of number of women

in our armed forces.

And we are very proud of this.

Women are essential in the field,

in the theatre of operations,

for instance Afghanistan,

ISAF, Nato's mission.

If the main goal is to be able

to win the heart of Afghan population,

we need a link

between women in the field

and female Afghan population.

If not, it would be impossible for us

to be able to implement

most of the programmes

we have in order to win this mission.

It's not like

we are having a big celebration,

because on a daily basis we do it

whenever we train our soldiers,

we do it whenever we plan missions,

we just have it put into our

framework

of how we are dealing

with the military.

And that's the best way to do it,

instead of just having,

well celebrating every tenth year,

we should do it day by day.

Women and female kids

are the first victims of any war.

We are normally used

as an element of the war strategy.

If you look at women's situation,

they are really at the bottom

in both conflicts

and in other bad conditions.

What I find with resolution 1325

is that it covers a lot.

It covers that the woman

who is on ground,

part of the local population... How

can we protect them from being hurt?

If you look at this

from a power perspective,

from a capital perspective,

this is about changing attitudes

and changing the game of power.

The resolution of United Nations 1325

has been a milestone.

The most important resolution

we have ever had

in terms of fighting against

sexual violence against women.

In Spain, for instance,

we have a particular action plan

in order to implement the resolution

and I can tell you

that it's been very important,

and I want to highlight it,

the NATO's effort

in order to implement this resolution

in our peacekeeping operations.

If we look at our mission Afghanistan,

it's clear

that female soldiers are actually able

to discuss

with the population on ground.

The women are allowed

to talk with our female soldiers,

but not with our male soldiers.

So therefore, this is an opportunity

to reach out for the population

and do it in the right way,

without harming culture or religion.

In general, statistics say that women,

we have a greater sensibility

in peace building,

peace maintaining, peace promoting.

One of our best skills is our capacity

of dialogue and consensus.

There is no country that can waste

50% of intelligence and knowledge,

which is women.

Most important is that whenever

we plan and train our soldiers,

we should consider

that having women on board

is giving a better climate,

and giving us opportunities

that we don't have

with male soldiers only.

In Spain,

to be in the military as a woman,

it was forbidden twenty years ago.

Now, 12% of our armed forces

are women,

9% in operations.

And Spain is right now the second

country in the European Union

in terms of number of women

in our armed forces.

And we are very proud of this.

Women are essential in the field,

in the theatre of operations,

for instance Afghanistan,

ISAF, Nato's mission.

If the main goal is to be able

to win the heart of Afghan population,

we need a link

between women in the field

and female Afghan population.

If not, it would be impossible for us

to be able to implement

most of the programmes

we have in order to win this mission.

It's not like

we are having a big celebration,

because on a daily basis we do it

whenever we train our soldiers,

we do it whenever we plan missions,

we just have it put into our

framework

of how we are dealing

with the military.

And that's the best way to do it,

instead of just having,

well celebrating every tenth year,

we should do it day by day.

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