29 May 2001
Meeting of the North Atlantic Council
Held in Budapest
- At our meeting today, we took stock of the progress made in promoting
the security and stability of the Euro-Atlantic area and gave guidance
for further implementation of the Washington
Summit decisions. In particular, we have:
We reaffirm NATO's strong commitment to security, stability, peace,
democracy and respect for human rights in South-East Europe. The Alliance
will continue to pursue this objective vigorously, primarily through
the NATO-led peacekeeping operations in Bosnia and Herzegovina and in
Kosovo and through security cooperation with the countries of the region.
- reaffirmed our commitment to a peaceful, stable and democratic South-East
Europe, and our determination to oppose all violence, whether ethnically,
politically or criminally motivated;
- continued our efforts to develop close and effective NATO-EU relations,
in order to strengthen the transatlantic partnership; and
- decided to intensify our discussions on security challenges of the
21st century, including the proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction
and their means of delivery, and how best to address them.
We pay tribute to the men and women of all nations serving in SFOR
and KFOR for their professionalism and dedication to the cause of peace
and stability. We express our deep sympathy to the families of those
who have lost their lives or been injured in the course of their mission.
We are grateful to NATO's Partners and other nations for the substantial
contributions they are making to our common effort.
We reiterate our support for the territorial integrity and sovereignty
of all the countries in South-East Europe. We emphasise our determination
to promote long- term stability through regional reconciliation and
cooperation, goodneighbourliness, stable and secure borders, protection
of the rights of members of ethnic groups and minorities, confidence-building
measures, a lasting resolution to the problem of refugees and displaced
persons, and full cooperation with the International Criminal Tribunal
for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY).
We welcome the steady improvement in our relations with the Federal
Republic of Yugoslavia and look forward to their further development.
We are encouraged by the positive steps taken by the democratically
elected government and believe that its constructive attitude will contribute
to long-term stability across the region and offer new opportunities
for regional cooperation and integration into Euro-Atlantic structures.
We welcome the progress made by the FRY in improving its relations with
its neighbours, and cooperating towards the full implementation of the
General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and
United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1244.
We welcome the FRY's more cooperative stance towards the ICTY and the
positive measures already taken, and expect it to continue on the path
towards full cooperation with the Tribunal in its work in The Hague,
including through the adoption of an appropriate legal framework. All
indictees must be held accountable for their acts in full compliance
with UN Security Council Resolution 827 on the establishment of the
ICTY. In this regard, we welcome the arrest of former President Milosevic.
We call on Belgrade and Podgorica to resume a constructive dialogue
on their constitutional relationship and to seek solutions acceptable
to both. We strongly discourage any unilateral steps that may threaten
the political stability of not only the FRY, but also the region as
a whole. We reiterate our support for a democratic Montenegro within
a democratic Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
We support the ongoing efforts to find a peaceful resolution to the
problems in Southern Serbia, taking into account the peace plan of the
FRY/Serbian authorities which seeks to address the legitimate grievances
of the ethnic Albanian community. We are pleased that the efforts by
the Secretary General's Personal Representative, and the close cooperation
with the European Union, have been instrumental in this regard. NATO
will continue to stay engaged in this process and we look forward to
continued cooperation with the FRY/Serbian authorities in this respect.
We are encouraged by recent positive developments following the decision
by NATO to allow, as a further step to ultimately abolish the Ground
Safety Zone, the controlled return of FRY forces into Sector B under
COMKFOR's authority. In particular, we welcome the restraint shown by
the FRY forces re-entering the Zone and the absence of major confrontations
with armed groups. We also welcome the fact that many ethnic Albanians
who previously belonged to armed groups have, under KFOR's supervision,
relinquished their weapons and ceased their activities.
The successful completion of the process now under way in Southern
Serbia and the longer term stability of the region require the early
implementation of tangible and verifiable confidence-building measures.
We applaud the first steps towards implementing the OSCE-sponsored multi-ethnic
police training concept, the amnesty as announced by the Serb authorities,
the demilitarisation statement signed by leaders of armed groups and
their voluntary disarmament and dissolution. The strict political control
over FRY forces in the region and the integration of ethnic Albanians
into local administrative and political structures are also important.
For their part, ethnic Albanians must commit themselves fully to the
political process aimed at reconciliation, to voluntary disarmament,
to the dissolution of armed groups, and to the renunciation of violence.
KFOR, in conjunction with UNMIK police, will continue its robust action
to interdict the movement of arms and armed groups between Kosovo, Southern
Serbia and other parts of the region, including the former Yugoslav
Republic of Macedonia (1).
We reaffirm our commitment to the full implementation of UNSCR 1244.
We commend the excellent working relationship between KFOR and the United
Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) in working
towards establishing a peaceful, multi-ethnic, multi-cultural and democratic
Kosovo, where all its people, irrespective of ethnic origin or religion,
can live in peace and security and enjoy universal human rights and
freedoms on an equal basis, including through participation in democratic
institutions. We welcome the issuing by the Special Representative of
the Secretary-General of the United Nations (SRSG) of the regulation
concerning the constitutional framework for provisional self-government
in Kosovo, which is an important step in the implementation of UNSCR
1244. This framework will provide the basis for Kosovo-wide elections
to be held on 17 November. Kosovo's leaders should assume their responsibilities
and make every effort to ensure that the elections take place peacefully
in a secure environment. We urge all communities to participate in these
elections and to take full part in the new political structures in Kosovo.
All displaced persons should have the possibility to participate in
these general elections.
We reaffirm the importance of creating conditions in which refugees
and displaced persons, including Kosovo Serb and other ethnic minorities,
can return to their homes in safety and security. We urge the political
leaders of Kosovo to pursue this goal more actively in cooperation with
KFOR and UNMIK.
The establishment of a secure environment for all the people of Kosovo
remains a priority. We strongly condemn ethnically, politically or criminally
motivated extremist activities by both ethnic Albanians and Serbs, as
well as acts of violence perpetrated against the international presence.
All such violence is inexcusable, and is contrary to the interests of
Kosovo and the region as a whole. We call on all political parties and
communities in Kosovo, in particular the Albanian ones, to condemn such
activities unambiguously and to support the significant efforts by KFOR
and UNMIK to combat extremism and strengthen the rule of law and deny
the use of Kosovo as a base for extremist activities in the region.
In this context, we also urge the early promulgation of an UNMIK regulation
to enable more effective action against proponents of extremism and
violence. Ethnic tensions in Mitrovica and the minority areas remain
a matter of concern.
We also remain very concerned about the high level of organised crime
and its links to extremism and external sources of finance. Organised
crime threatens healthy economic development in Kosovo and represents
a major source of instability for the region.
The proper functioning of Kosovo's judicial system is a prerequisite
for healthy democratic development and economic prosperity. We welcome
the recent progress in strengthening the rule of law, but note that
more improvements must be made. We commend the continuing work of the
OSCE in helping to recruit and train members of the multi-ethnic Kosovo
We welcome the recent release of ethnic Albanian political prisoners
from Serb jails. We recall the need for Belgrade to release the remaining
Kosovo Albanians who are detained in Serbia without proper legal grounds.
We call for every effort to be made to account accurately for missing
persons, regardless of ethnic origin, and stress KFOR's preparedness
to work with the International Commission of Missing Persons.
We recognise that the Kosovo Protection Corps (KPC) remains generally
compliant in fulfilling its civilian role, under the overall responsibility
of UNMIK and the day-to-day supervision of KFOR. Nevertheless, there
are serious concerns about cases of non-compliance by individual members
and about involvement in organised crime, possession of unauthorised
weapons and support to extremist activities in Kosovo and surrounding
areas. We condemn these activities and recall the need for the KPC leadership
to continue to take steps to end them and to clearly and publicly condemn
extremist activities in Kosovo and the region. KFOR will continue to
exercise close supervision over the KPC in accordance with the policies
and priorities established by the SRSG. We attach the utmost importance
to the strict enforcement of the KPC Code of Conduct.
We noted a report on KFOR's roles and missions and recommendations
on its size and structure. We welcome its conclusions, particularly
that, at present, no changes to the size and posture of KFOR are appropriate.
We remain firmly committed to the full implementation of the General
Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina. We fully support
the objectives of the Peace Implementation Council (PIC) and its determination
to integrate Bosnia and Herzegovina as a single, multi-ethnic, democratic
state, with strong and effective common institutions, into Euro-Atlantic
structures. We will continue to work closely, in particular through
SFOR, with the High Representative and with other organisations, including
the UNHCR, the OSCE, the European Union, the UN Mission in Bosnia and
Herzegovina (UNMIBH), the International Police Task Force (IPTF) and
the ICTY. We strongly endorse the respective efforts of SFOR and the
ICTY to detain and bring to trial persons indicted for war crimes. In
this context, we reiterate that the Entities carry primary responsibility
for bringing to justice persons indicted for war crimes, and urge them
to cooperate more effectively with SFOR to this end.
We welcome the participation, following the elections of last autumn,
of moderate, non-nationalistic political parties in the new state and
entity governments. The international community expects these new governments
to make greater and more rapid progress towards a self-sustaining, multi-ethnic
democracy. We call on the newly elected leaders of Bosnia and Herzegovina
to take on greater responsibility for and ownership of the process of
implementing the Dayton Peace
Agreement and of preparing Bosnia and Herzegovina to integrate into
We condemn all forms of separatism and nationalist violence in Bosnia
and Herzegovina. In this regard, we are deeply concerned at the recent
events in Mostar perpetrated by Croat extremists and in Trebinje and
Banja Luka perpetrated by Serb extremists, which directly challenge
the Dayton Peace Agreement and the legitimate state and entity institutions
in Bosnia and Herzegovina. We call on all political leaders in Bosnia
and Herzegovina, as well as in other countries of the region, to clearly
express their condemnation of these events. We fully support the High
Representative and SFOR in their efforts to counter this challenge.
We call on all citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina to resolve their differences
through peaceful, legal and democratic means. We also urge them to recognise
that the interests of their community are best served within the existing
institutional framework of Bosnia and Herzegovina and by cooperating
with the High Representative and with the legitimate state and entity
authorities. Violence by any group against these authorities, citizens
of Bosnia and Herzegovina or SFOR troops and other representatives of
the international community, will not be tolerated.
We urge Bosnian Croats not to pursue narrow, parochial objectives,
but to realise that their interests are best achieved by working for
the collective interests of the Bosnian community as a whole. We call
on those Bosnian Croats who have left the Federation structures to return
to them and commend those who have already returned for their commitment
to the future of Bosnia and Herzegovina. We welcome Croatia's policy
rejecting the HDZ's attempts to form parallel institutions.
We encourage the Presidency to pursue the programme of defence reform
as a matter of priority. Bosnia and Herzegovina needs armed forces with
a unified command and control capable of joint deployment and joint
action under international and regional security organisations. In this
respect, we welcome the endorsement by the Presidency of a common defence
policy for Bosnia and Herzegovina. We reaffirm our commitment to further
contribute to enhancing stability and confidence in Bosnia and Herzegovina
and to strengthen cooperation between the Entities' armed forces.
We urge the leaders of Bosnia and Herzegovina to implement fully Annex
I B of the Dayton Peace Agreement concerning confidence-building
and security measures. We call upon the countries neighbouring Bosnia
and Herzegovina to support in an open and transparent manner the full
implementation of the Agreement, in particular those countries that
are signatories to this Agreement.
We welcome the contribution of the OSCE to the implementation of the
Peace Agreement and to the creation of a framework for peace and stability
in South-East Europe. We call upon the States participating in the negotiations
on regional stability under the Agreement to make use of the fresh impetus
generated by the participation of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
in the OSCE, with the aim of concluding their work as soon as possible.
NATO stands ready to support the implementation of such an agreement
within the framework of the Stability Pact for South-East Europe.
We noted a report on SFOR's roles and missions and recommendations
on its size and structure. We welcome its conclusions, notably that
it is not advisable at this time to consider major restructuring or
reductions of SFOR, particularly in light of the current developments,
but that, under certain circumstances as set out by the NATO Military
Authorities, a moderate reduction in overall troop levels could be undertaken
within the current force structure. We reiterate the recommendation
from the report on the need to fully resource the Multinational Specialised
Units to agreed levels.
We reiterate our full commitment to the security, stability and territorial
integrity of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (1).
We strongly condemn the recent acts of violence by extremist Albanian
groups, which have not only threatened the stability of the former Yugoslav
Republic of Macedonia (1), but also undermined
the efforts of those ethnic Albanians who are working together with
the international community to bring peace, democracy and stability
to the troubled Balkan region. We urge the leaders of ethnic Albanian
communities in the region to condemn unambiguously these acts of violence.
The extremists must immediately cease their violent activities.
We are encouraged by the refusal of the overwhelming majority of the
population in the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (1)
to support those who believe their goals and objectives should be reached
through violence. We support the authorities in the former Yugoslav
Republic of Macedonia (1) in their efforts
to isolate the extremist elements in a manner which promotes a peaceful
solution. We look to the authorities to avoid the excessive use of force
and expect them to take every precaution to avoid civilian casualties.
We welcome the creation of a broad coalition government. We urge the
parties to take quick, concrete steps in the ongoing inter-ethnic dialogue
under President Trajkovski's auspices, with the participation of political
parties of all ethnic groups, with a view to meeting legitimate concerns,
consolidating inter-ethnic relations and ensuring a better future for
all citizens, irrespective of their ethnic origin. In this regard, we
note the steps by the government to establish Albanian language higher-level
education, an Albanian-language television channel and enhanced local
Cooperation between international organisations has resulted in a
coordinated response and an unambiguous signal of the international
community's determination to support stability in the region. We particularly
welcome the close cooperation between NATO and the EU, as exemplified
by the joint missions to Skopje by the NATO Secretary General and the
EU High Representative.
We welcome the fact that increased patrolling and enhanced KFOR force
levels on the Kosovo side of the border have improved KFOR's ability
to detect, disrupt and deter any transfer of men and materiel from Kosovo
to the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (1).
KFOR is determined to continue these activities vigorously. The Alliance
has recently appointed a Senior Civilian Representative to foster communications
and coordination with the authorities in the former Yugoslav Republic
of Macedonia (1) and other political leaders
in the country.
We welcome the improved military coordination and the exchange of
military information with the Ministries of Defence and Interior in
the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (1),
as well as the establishment of a NATO Cooperation and Coordination
Centre led by NATO's Senior Military Representative to facilitate the
exchange of information and act as a clearing house for assistance efforts.
We also note with appreciation the efforts by Allies to step up bilateral
assistance to the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (1).
The Alliance will continue to look for practical ways to enhance assistance
in all these areas.
We reiterate our great appreciation for the ongoing efforts of the
former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (1)
in supporting KFOR and welcome the recent agreement defining the legal
status of KFOR personnel whilst on the territory of the former Yugoslav
Republic of Macedonia (1).
The development by the countries in South-East Europe of self-sufficient
national capabilities to guarantee the control and the security of their
borders is critical for the security and the stability of the region.
The Alliance has taken concrete steps to assist the governments of the
former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (1)
and Albania in this regard, and is using the existing frameworks of
the EAPC and the South-East Europe Initiative (SEEI) to engage with
Partners in a dialogue on this issue.
We received the Consolidated Progress Report on the Development of
the SEEI and Contributions of the Alliance to the Objectives of the
Stability Pact. We noted with satisfaction that many of the activities
begun under the SEEI have matured and are producing valuable results
in support of regional cooperation, as well as the efforts by individual
countries to further integrate into the Euro-Atlantic Community, and
thus support and complement the objectives of the Stability Pact.
We welcome the adoption later today of the Common Assessment Paper
on Regional Security Challenges and Opportunities (SEECAP) which is
designed to develop realistic security policies and the reform of security
establishments by countries of the region. We also welcome the continued
efforts of the South-East Europe Security Cooperation Steering Group
(SEEGROUP) as a valuable regional initiative in support of NATO's SEEI
and the Stability Pact for South-East Europe. We are encouraged by the
progress made by South-East European countries in developing their own
regional peacekeeping force and note the declaration of operational
readiness of the Multinational Peace Force South-East Europe on 1 May.
We are pleased that, in addition to Bulgaria and Romania, Croatia
now also benefits from the successful programme launched by the Alliance
and the World Bank, and facilitated through the Stability Pact, to retrain
and reintegrate former military personnel into the civilian economy.
We direct the Council in Permanent Session to continue to pursue the
efforts under the SEEI and the Alliance's contributions to the Stability
Pact, in particular in the area of defence reform, and look forward
to further progress by the time of our next meeting.
The Alliance has taken very seriously the public concerns about reports
of possible effects of depleted uranium on the health of military and
civilian personnel involved in NATO operations, and that of civilian
populations. An extensive exchange of information, involving the Allies,
the countries of the region, all contributors to SFOR and KFOR, and
relevant international organisations, has indicated no evidence of such
a link. Allies will continue to share information, and to cooperate
with United Nations agencies, in particular the United Nations Environment
Programme, and other relevant international institutions on this matter.
We reviewed progress achieved to date in implementing the Defence
Capabilities Initiative (DCI). The goal of the DCI has remained unchanged:
to provide the forces and capabilities the Alliance requires to meet
the security challenges of the 21st century, across the full spectrum
of Alliance missions. NATO Allies must continue to increase defence
capabilities and interoperability through improvements in the deployability
and mobility of Alliance forces, their sustainability, survivability
and effective engagement capability, and the effectiveness of their
command and control. A sustained commitment is required to meet these
ambitious goals - both at NATO Headquarters and in capitals. We remain
determined to support this work fully, noting in particular that the
efforts of the Alliance and Allied nations to implement DCI and the
efforts of the EU to enhance European capabilities are mutually reinforcing.
Because Partners have an important part to play in future NATO-led operations,
we welcome their current engagement in elements of the DCI.
We took stock of the progress made to date on the development of the
European Security and Defence Identity (ESDI) in accordance with the
decisions taken at the Washington Summit and subsequent Ministerial
meetings. We reaffirmed our determination to reinforce NATO's European
pillar and remain committed to a balanced and dynamic transatlantic
partnership. We share the EU's commitment to a genuine strategic partnership
in crisis management between NATO and the EU. The Alliance will remain
the foundation of the collective defence of its members and continue
actively to play its important role in crisis management as set out
in the Strategic Concept. The partnership between NATO and the EU and
the development of a capable and effective ESDI, in accordance with
the principles set out at the Washington Summit and subsequent Ministerial
meetings, will strengthen the Alliance through which we remain ready
to pursue common security objectives wherever possible.
We reaffirm our commitment to a transparent, coherent and cooperative
NATO-EU relationship that ensures the Alliance's continued military
effectiveness and Allied cohesion. Enhancing European capabilities is
central to this process. Both NATO and the EU have a common interest
in ensuring the coherent development of the military capabilities of
their member states.
We welcome the intensification of the dialogue between the Alliance
and the European Union since our last meeting in Brussels. The close
consultation and cooperation between the two organisations and the mutually
reinforcing steps taken by them in responding to the situation in the
Balkans show that NATO and the EU have engaged in successful practical
cooperation on questions of common interest relating to security, defence
and crisis management. Continuing such practical cooperation between
the two organisations will help ensure that crises can be met with the
most appropriate military response and effective crisis management ensured.
In this context, we welcome the high level of coordination and cooperation
between the Secretary General and the EU High Representative, in particular
their joint missions and those of their Personal Representatives to
the region. We look forward to the first formal meeting of Foreign Ministers
of NATO and the European Union on 30 May.
At our December meeting, we inter alia noted and welcomed the proposals
made by the European Council at Nice for permanent arrangements to ensure
full transparency, consultation and cooperation between NATO and the
EU. We agreed that consultations and cooperation would be developed
between the two organisations on questions of common interest relating
to security, defence and crisis management, so that crises would be
met with the most appropriate military response and effective crisis
management ensured. We looked forward to the early establishment of
such mutually satisfactory arrangements based on the principles enunciated
in Washington and at subsequent Ministerial meetings, which would be
taken into account in the framework agreement establishing these arrangements.
These arrangements would be key to a close, confident and transparent
relationship between the two organisations as foreseen in the Washington
Summit. Following the results of the NATO Ministerial meetings and the
Nice European Council, an exchange of letters took place in January
this year between the Secretary General and the EU Presidency. Not less
than three meetings between the North Atlantic Council and the EU Political
and Security Committee and not less than one Ministerial meeting will
be held during each EU Presidency. Either organisation may request additional
meetings as necessary. Both organisations are committed to stepping
up contacts and meetings in the emergency phase of a crisis.
We welcome the four meetings between the North Atlantic Council and
the EU Political and Security Committee that have taken place and we
look forward to further such meetings. We also welcome the progress
made to date in the NATO-EU Ad Hoc Working Groups. We look forward to
their future work, taking into account all relevant matters, including
those related to participation.
We note the successful implementation of the NATO-EU interim agreement
on the security of information established last year and welcome the
progress made in preparing a permanent security agreement between the
two organisations, including the productive work in the NATO-EU Ad Hoc
Working Group on Security Issues. We reiterate our readiness to conclude
a permanent security agreement between NATO and the EU as a matter of
The European Allies are committed to further strengthening their military
capabilities and to reinforcing the Alliance's European pillar. This
will enhance their ability to contribute both to the Alliance's missions
and to EU-led operations for Petersberg tasks where the Alliance as
a whole is not engaged. We note that this process does not imply the
creation of a European army and that the commitment of national resources
for EU-led operations will be based on sovereign decisions.
We welcome the further efforts made in the EU towards meeting its
Headline Goal by 2003 as set out at the Helsinki European Council, thus
contributing to the improvement and strengthening of European military
capabilities. The significant additional contributions offered by non-EU
European Allies to the pool of forces available for EU-led operations
are important and will enhance the range of capabilities potentially
available to the EU. We welcome the bilateral meetings held between
the EU and the non-EU European Allies in order to clarify and evaluate
their contributions to European crisis management on the basis of the
same criteria as those applying to EU member states and look forward
to the further development of this practice. We note the EU's recognition
of the need for further capability improvements. The Alliance's Defence
Capabilities Initiative is also supporting the enhancement of European
capabilities. The objectives arising from NATO's DCI and the EU's Headline
Goal are mutually reinforcing. We note with satisfaction that NATO,
upon request by the EU Presidency and on the basis of a Council decision,
agreed to support for the duration of the Swedish EU Presidency the
work of the HTF Plus through a team of experts open to national experts
of those Allies who wish to participate in this work. In order to continue
this important work during the next EU Presidency, NATO stands ready
to provide, subject to an early Council decision, further expert advice
upon request by the EU.
We continue to underline, as we did at the Washington Summit and subsequent
Ministerial meetings, the importance of finding solutions satisfactory
to all Allies to the issue of participation. Allies welcome the fact
that meetings between the EU and non-EU Allies have started. Allies
look forward to further broad and effective practical implementation
of the arrangements agreed by the European Council at Nice for dialogue,
consultation and cooperation with non-EU European Allies on issues related
to security and defence policy and crisis management as well as the
modalities for participation in EU-led military operations. We welcome
the EU's commitment to intensify consultation in times of crisis, which
will also enable non-EU European Allies to raise their concerns when
they consider their security interests might be involved. It is particularly
important in this context that non-EU European Allies can request meetings
with the European Union and submit proposals for agenda items. Consultation
and cooperation are particularly important with the EU Political and
Security Committee and the EU Military Committee and, as appropriate,
with the EU military staff, so as to ensure that the Allies concerned
derive maximum benefit from them and to enable the Allies concerned
to contribute effectively. In this context, in accordance with the Washington
Treaty, we continue to stress the importance we attach to respecting
the security interests of all Allies and the obligations which they
have to each other as Allies.
We welcome the progress made in developing dialogue, cooperation and
consultation between Canada and the EU on the full range of security
and defence issues of mutual concern. This includes a joint commitment
to intensify consultation in times of crisis, particularly when the
EU is considering an operation using NATO assets and capabilities. Canada
and the EU have agreed to continue their dialogue to finalise the modalities
for consultations with Canada and its participation in operations led
by the EU.
Taking into account the evolution of relevant arrangements in the
EU, work on ESDI is continuing within the Alliance as directed at the
Washington Summit and agreed at subsequent Ministerial meetings. It
is proceeding on the principle that nothing will be agreed until everything
is agreed - the participation issue is also relevant in this context.
On this basis, and consistent with the decisions taken at Washington
and subsequent Ministerial meetings, intensified discussions on the
participation issue since our last meeting in December have strengthened
the prospects for progress on the various aspects of the Washington
agenda and specifically on arrangements for:
- assured EU access to NATO planning capabilities able to contribute
to military planning for EU-led operations;
- the presumption of availability to the EU of pre-identified NATO
capabilities and common assets for use in EU-led operations;
- the identification of a range of European command options for EU-led
operations, further developing the role of DSACEUR in order for him
to assume fully and effectively his European responsibilities; and
- the further adaptation of the Alliance's defence planning system.
Important work remains to be done which we will pursue intensively,
taking account of relevant activities in and proposals from the European
Recalling the decisions taken at the Washington
Summit, and looking ahead to the review of the enlargement process
which will be undertaken by NATO Heads of State and Government at their
Prague Summit in 2002, we reaffirm the Alliance's commitment to remain
open to new members. The Alliance expects to extend further invitations
in coming years to nations willing and able to assume the responsibilities
and obligations of membership, and as NATO determines that the inclusion
of these nations would serve the overall political and strategic interests
of the Alliance and that the inclusion would enhance overall European
security and stability. No European democratic country whose admission
would fulfil the objectives of the Washington
Treaty will be excluded from consideration regardless of its geographic
location, each being considered on its own merits.
The Membership Action Plan (MAP) process underlines NATO's commitment
to its Open Door policy by assisting the nine aspiring countries in
their own efforts to prepare for possible future membership. The streamlining
of this process, which we have undertaken in consultation with aspirants,
has improved its efficiency and effectiveness. We are pleased that aspirants
have taken full advantage of the opportunities provided by the MAP.
Following meetings of the North Atlantic Council this Spring with
senior members of the governments of each of the aspiring countries
to examine progress made, we have now completed the second annual cycle
of the MAP. We received today a Consolidated Progress Report on the
results of the second cycle, as part of our ongoing review of the enlargement
process, including the implementation of the Membership Action Plan.
The report highlights the progress made by the aspirants in their preparations
for possible future membership - and challenges still outstanding -
in all areas covered by the MAP, including political and economic issues,
defence and military issues, resource, security and legal issues. We
welcome the extent to which the aspirants have used the MAP as a tool
to promote reform, and the progress they have made in their reforms.
As we move towards the third cycle of the MAP, we encourage all aspirants
to continue focused efforts to prepare for possible future membership
of the Alliance, building on the progress they have achieved so far
and pursuing vigorously the challenging goals they have set themselves.
In this regard, we urge all aspirants to continue their efforts to define
and implement realistic and affordable goals, including for defence
reform. We direct the Council in Permanent Session to consider, in consultation
with the aspirants, if any further alterations are needed to make the
implementation of the MAP more effective.
We remain firmly committed to strengthening the EAPC and PfP to enhance
cooperation, transparency and confidence among all the members of the
Euro-Atlantic community. Partnership is pivotal to the role of the Alliance
in promoting security and stability in the Euro-Atlantic region and
contributes to the enhancement of the Alliance's capabilities in crisis
management. The common commitment of the Alliance and its Partners to
cooperative efforts to deal with shared Euro-Atlantic security concerns
has been amply demonstrated in the Balkans, where many Partner countries
provide valuable contributions to both SFOR and KFOR, and are supporting
the efforts by the Alliance and the broader international community
to bring about lasting peace in the Balkans. To this end, we look forward
to welcoming Foreign Minister Svilanovic of the Federal Republic of
Yugoslavia as a guest to address tomorrow's meeting of EAPC Foreign
We note with satisfaction the many EAPC/PfP activities to promote
practical regional cooperation in South-East Europe, as well as in the
Caucasus and Central Asia. We recognise Croatia's commitment to active
participation in the EAPC and PfP and its declared interest in possible
future NATO membership; and welcome its intention to begin an Intensified
Dialogue on membership questions with the Alliance. We welcome Tajikistan's
intention to join PfP and look forward to its early signature of the
PfP Framework Document. We value the role of the Regional Ad Hoc Working
Groups on South-East Europe and the Caucasus in promoting and supporting
regional cooperation, and would welcome the use of this mechanism for
the promotion of regional cooperation in other areas of the Euro-Atlantic
region. We welcome continued efforts in the EAPC/PfP framework to support
broader efforts underway to address the proliferation of small arms
and light weapons and in support of global humanitarian mine action
and the promotion of International Humanitarian Law, among other EAPC
priority areas. We welcome the launch of the first project undertaken
through the PfP Trust Fund on Anti-Personnel Landmine Stockpile Destruction,
which will destroy Albania's entire stockpile of 1.7 million anti-personnel
landmines. We welcome this continued emphasis upon result-oriented,
practical activities. We stress the importance of ensuring that the
work of the EAPC takes into account and complements efforts undertaken
in other Euro-Atlantic security fora, such as the OSCE. In this context,
we take note of ongoing initiatives aimed at fulfilling this objective.
We took note today of reports on the Enhanced and More Operational
Partnership, and the implementation of the Operational Capabilities
Concept. The process of enhancing and making the Partnership for Peace
more operational will further strengthen our common ability to manage
crises effectively. We look forward to reviewing further progress on
these initiatives at our next meeting. We welcome continued progress
in providing effective and targeted support to the efforts of Partners
to reorganise and restructure their defence establishments and armed
forces. We remain strongly committed to the full implementation of the
Political-Military Framework for NATO-led PfP operations. Within this
Framework, we attach importance to enhancing the role of Partners in
the political guidance and oversight, planning, and command arrangements
for NATO-led crisis response operations. We received today a report
on progress achieved in implementing the Political-Military Framework.
The current state of implementation is a significant advance on that
12 months ago. However, it is necessary to continue to refine and practise
the procedures of the Framework to reap the maximum benefit for NATO
and contributing Partners alike. The full implementation of the Framework
is a process that ultimately contributes to making NATO-led operations
with Partners more efficient. The next full-fledged review of the implementation
of the Framework should be conducted by the end of this year, with a
report in time for the 2002 Spring Ministerial meetings.
Four years after the signing of the NATO-Russia
Founding Act in Paris, the Alliance remains committed to building
a strong, stable and enduring partnership with the Russian Federation
on the basis of the principles of transparency, reciprocity and mutual
trust. We welcome the progress achieved in our consultations and cooperation
in the framework of the Permanent Joint Council (PJC).
We attach great importance to the continued and improved dialogue
on issues relating to the situation in the Balkans. We note with satisfaction
the continued excellent practical cooperation with Russian forces in
both SFOR and KFOR.
We value our ongoing consultations and cooperation with Russia in
the framework of the PJC on such issues as non-proliferation of weapons
of mass destruction and their means of delivery, defence reform, disarmament
and arms control related issues, including CFE and Open Skies, scientific
and environmental issues, civil emergency preparedness, and the retraining
of discharged military personnel. We welcome active cooperation in search
and rescue at sea based on the programme of cooperation between NATO
and Russia on this issue agreed by PJC Defence Ministers in December
2000. We look forward to further consultations on the Russian proposal
regarding missile defence and Allied suggestions regarding nuclear CSBMs.
We welcome enhanced Russian participation in the EAPC and encourage
Russia to participate more actively in PfP.
We welcome the opening of the NATO Information Office in Moscow as
an important step towards improving public understanding of NATO and
its partnership with Russia. We look forward to developing NATO's information
activities in Russia. We attach great importance to the further development
of military-to-military cooperation and, to this end, are pursuing our
consultations with Russia to establish a NATO Military Liaison Mission
in Moscow, as called for in the Founding Act.
We remain seriously concerned about the ongoing conflict in Chechnya.
We recognise Russia's right to preserve its territorial integrity and
to protect all citizens against terrorism and criminality, which we
condemn in all their forms. We urge all parties to take immediate steps
to halt the ongoing fighting and to seek as a matter of urgency a political
solution. We are deeply concerned about the continued reports of widespread
human rights violations in Chechnya and urge the Russian Government
to carry out systematic investigations of these reports and to prosecute
all perpetrators. We call upon Russia to respect all its international
obligations regarding the protection of human rights. We welcome the
Russian Government's preparedness to expedite the OSCE Assistance Group's
return to Chechnya and urge Russia to meet its commitments to facilitate
the Group's work under its existing mandate. We also urge Russia to
facilitate the provision of humanitarian assistance in order to relieve
the suffering of displaced persons. We call on the Chechen side to cooperate
in good faith in seeking a political solution to the conflict, to condemn
terrorism and to take actions against it.
We remain committed to our distinctive partnership with Ukraine, based
on our support for an independent, democratic, stable and market-oriented
Ukraine. We encourage Ukraine to take concrete steps to move the reform
process forward and, in this context, ensure the full respect of democratic
values and freedoms, human rights and the rule of law, consistent with
Ukraine's international commitments. We value Ukraine's good relations
with its neighbours, including Russia and members of the Alliance, which
contribute to stability in Central and Eastern Europe, and also welcome
Ukraine's wider contribution to ensuring stability in Europe as a whole.
We reiterate our appreciation for Ukraine's continuing contribution
to KFOR, as an expression of Ukraine's commitment to our joint effort
to build peace and stability in the Balkans. We note with satisfaction
the progress achieved in the implementation of the NATO-Ukraine
Charter on a Distinctive Partnership, signed four years ago in Madrid.
We are satisfied with the successful implementation of military and
non-military cooperative and consultative activities under the NATO-Ukraine
Work Plan for 2001 so far. We note the improved cooperation in the fields
of retraining of retired officers, civil emergency planning and in the
science for peace programme, and encourage Ukraine to continue the critical
work on defence reform, making full use of the NATO-Ukraine Joint Working
Group on Defence Reform. Ukraine's decision to participate fully in
the Planning and Review Process (PARP) to support its plan for defence
reform is a positive development.
We are determined to build on these achievements. In this context,
we welcome Ukraine's state programme of cooperation with NATO for 2001-2004,
underlining Ukraine's commitment to a strong NATO-Ukraine relationship.
We continue to attach particular importance to the role of the NATO
Information and Documentation Centre in Kyiv, established to increase
public awareness of the NATO-Ukraine Distinctive Partnership throughout
the country, and to the NATO Liaison Office, facilitating Ukraine's
participation in PfP and its efforts to implement defence reform.
We reiterate our firm belief that security in the whole of Europe
is closely linked to security and stability in the Mediterranean. We
underline the importance we attach to our Mediterranean Dialogue, which
is part of the Alliance's overall cooperative approach to security and
reinforces and complements other international efforts.
We welcome the successful completion - in March 2001 - of the first
round of visits by NATO Senior Officials to Mediterranean Dialogue countries.
The visits were conducted with the aim of exchanging views on NATO's
Mediterranean Dialogue, as well as getting a better appreciation of
each Dialogue country's specific objectives and priorities. We encourage
interest from Mediterranean Dialogue countries in political consultations
and practical cooperation with our Alliance. In this regard, we look
forward to establishing appropriate arrangements with all Mediterranean
partners on the security of information.
We reaffirm the progressive nature of the Dialogue, and will continue
to consider ways to strengthen the political and practical dimensions
of our cooperative relations with all the Mediterranean partners in
accordance with the Washington Summit decisions, in areas where NATO
can bring an added value and where partners have expressed interest.
We received today the progress report on the Mediterranean Dialogue
and note with satisfaction the growing interaction between the Alliance
and its Mediterranean partners.
We welcome the significant role played by the OSCE in the Euro-Atlantic
area, notably in South-East Europe. We also welcome the progress made
on implementation of the commitments undertaken and the initiatives
launched at the 1999 Istanbul Summit for strengthening the OSCE's operational
capability, thus improving its crisis management capacity. We recall
NATO's support for the Platform for Cooperative Security, in which the
OSCE declared its intention to work with other institutions. We welcome
the substantial progress made in the implementation of the Platform,
particularly the enhanced contacts and cooperation between NATO and
the OSCE on matters of common interest. In that regard, we appreciate
the close and fruitful cooperation between NATO and the OSCE in promoting
stability in Southern Serbia and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.
As we meet in Budapest, the States Parties of the CFE Treaty are conducting
the second CFE Review Conference in Vienna. This is a significant occasion
to reaffirm the vital importance of the CFE Treaty as a cornerstone
of European security and stability. The Conference is reviewing the
operation of the Treaty and the elements mentioned in the Final Act
of the Conference of the States Parties to the Treaty on Conventional
Armed Forces in Europe of 19 November 1999. We hope it will be possible
to record important progress on issues relevant to achieving entry into
force of the Adapted Treaty. Confidence in the full and timely implementation
of all CFE obligations and related commitments is essential to the continued
viability of this Treaty.
We note with satisfaction that the Russian Federation has met its
East-of-the-Urals commitments to destroy agreed amounts of equipment,
while continuing to destroy battle tanks as required. We remain particularly
concerned that Russia continues to exceed equipment levels in relation
to the Treaty's Article V ("Flank") limits. We note that Russia
has notified withdrawals from the North Caucasus. However, Russia has
not provided "maximum transparency" including detailed information
on equipment withdrawn and remaining in the region and additional inspection
opportunities to monitor equipment withdrawals. This is most regrettable.
We continue to emphasise the importance we attach to fulfilment of the
November 1999 commitment by the Government of the Russian Federation
that Russian equipment levels in the North Caucasus would be reduced
to the Treaty's agreed levels of armaments and equipment as soon as
possible, in conditions of maximum transparency and in a manner consistent
with agreed counting rules and procedures. Those conditions currently
do not exist sufficient to enable other States Parties to verify with
confidence Russian TLE withdrawals from the region and resulting equipment
We welcome the Russian Federation's completion of the first phase
of its Istanbul commitment to reduce and withdraw forces from Georgia.
An important deadline of 1 July 2001 is approaching as by then the Russian
military bases at Gudauta and Vaziani will have to be disbanded and
the forces withdrawn, as was agreed at the Istanbul Summit. We look
for early completion of the negotiations regarding the duration and
modalities of the remaining Russian military bases consistent with the
Host States rights under Article IV Paragraph 5 of the current CFE Treaty.
We underline the need for substantive and early progress on Russia's
Istanbul commitment to withdraw its military forces and equipment from
Moldova. The deadline will approach at the end of this year for completion
of the first phase of this commitment, the withdrawal and/or destruction
of Russian TLE, which has not yet begun to be implemented.
The full implementation and verification of the CFE Treaty is essential
for ensuring the security and stability of the Euro-Atlantic area. The
early entry into force of the Adapted CFE Treaty will ensure the continuing
viability of the CFE Treaty in this role and will permit accession by
other states. We are committed to that end. However, we have consistently
stated that for us ratification of the Adapted CFE Treaty can only be
envisaged in the context of compliance by all States Parties with the
Treaty's agreed levels of armaments and equipment, and consistent with
the commitments contained in the CFE Final Act.
We welcome the positive steps towards ratification of the Treaty on
Open Skies by Russia and Belarus. This Treaty is one of the widest ranging
international arms control efforts to date to promote openness and transparency
regarding military forces and activities. We are pleased that the Treaty
is closer to entry into force and encourage both Russia and Belarus
to complete the ratification process.
The preparation of the first United Nations International Conference
on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All its Aspects
in July 2001 is the focal point of all international efforts this year
to come to grips with the uncontrolled spread and destabilising accumulation
of small arms and light weapons. Allies agree that the conference should
aim for a programme of action that will best facilitate bilateral and
international assistance to the most affected parts of the world. The
approach within the Alliance is that these problems must be addressed
as part of a long term process with a particular focus on stockpile
management and support for the destruction of surplus weapons and associated
munitions. The PfP Trust Fund on Anti-Personnel Landmine Stockpile Destruction
has been expanded to cover the destruction of surplus munitions and
small arms and light weapons. This will further facilitate the programme
of activities under the Partnership for Peace work programme chapter
on small arms and light weapons.
We welcome the regional initiatives of the European Union and the
OSCE on this issue particularly the OSCE's milestone Document on Small
Arms and Light Weapons which focuses on the development of norms, principles
and measures covering all aspects of the issue. We support the implementation
of measures included in the OSCE Document by all member states of the
Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council.
The proliferation of nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) weapons
and their means of delivery continues to be a matter of serious concern
for the Alliance as it poses risks to international and regional security
and can pose a direct military threat to Allies' populations, territory
and forces. The principal non-proliferation goal of the Alliance and
its members remains unchanged: to prevent proliferation from occurring,
or, should it occur, to reverse it through diplomatic means. In this
context we continue to place great importance on non-proliferation and
export control regimes, international arms control and disarmament as
means to prevent proliferation. Accordingly, the Alliance will continue
to enhance its efforts to reduce dangers arising from the proliferation
of weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery.
The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) is the cornerstone of the
nuclear non-proliferation regime and the essential foundation for the
pursuit of nuclear disarmament. We confirm our full support for the
NPT, including agreement on the importance of universal adherence to
and compliance with the Treaty, and on the commitment of all States
Parties to disarmament, strengthened IAEA safeguards, and peaceful nuclear
cooperation under effective non-proliferation conditions and safeguards.
Alliance nations have dramatically reduced nuclear weapons and delivery
systems, and reaffirm their commitment to work for the further reduction
of nuclear weapons globally. More broadly, we reaffirm our determination
to contribute to the implementation of the conclusions of the 2000 NPT
We remain strongly committed to the Missile Technology Control Regime
(MTCR), the Australia Group and the Zangger and Nuclear Suppliers Groups
as important elements in our efforts to counter the proliferation of
weapons of mass destruction and the means for their delivery. We encourage
all countries to adhere to and implement unilaterally the MTCR Guidelines
and Annex and to the corresponding guidelines and control lists of the
other regimes. We also welcome and support ongoing efforts to achieve
an International Code of Conduct Against Ballistic Missile Proliferation
that we hope will be a universally subscribed mechanism to promote missile
We reaffirm that the Alliance's defence posture must have the capability
to address appropriately and effectively the threats that the proliferation
of WMD and their means of delivery can pose. Our response should be
consistent with the indivisibility of Allied security. We will continue
to work together to adapt the Alliance's comprehensive strategy to meet
these challenges, adopting an appropriate mix of political and defence
efforts. In this context multilateral non-proliferation and export control
regimes, as well as international arms control and disarmament, are
We welcome the consultations initiated by President Bush on the US
strategic review, including missile defence, with Allies and with other
interested parties, and will continue substantive consultations in the
Alliance on these issues. The consultations with Allies will include
appropriate assessment of threats and address the full range of strategic
issues affecting our common security, and the means to address them,
including deterrence and offensive and defensive means, and enhancing
the effectiveness of arms control, disarmament and non-proliferation,
as well as diplomatic and counter-proliferation measures. We intend
to pursue these consultations vigorously, and welcome the United States'
assurance that the views of Allies will be taken into account as it
considers its plans further.
We also welcome continued work in NATO on Theatre Missile Defence for
point and area defence, in particular on the feasibility study on a
possible system for the defence of deployed NATO forces. We will continue
consultations in the Alliance on TMD issues.
Recognising the achievements of the START process so far, we strongly
support the ongoing process of achieving further reductions of the number
of strategic nuclear weapons deployed by the United States and Russia.
Allies concerned will continue working for even lower levels of nuclear
forces while maintaining the minimum sufficient to preserve peace and
stability. Given the need to reduce the uncertainties surrounding substrategic
nuclear weapons in Russia, we believe that a reaffirmation of the 1991/92
Presidential Initiatives might be a first, but not exhaustive, step
in this direction. The Alliance welcomes the US commitment to achieve
a credible deterrent with the lowest possible number of nuclear weapons
consistent with US and Allied security needs. We remain committed to
the immediate commencement, in the Conference on Disarmament, of negotiations
on a Fissile Material Cut-Off Treaty in accordance with the Mandate
of the Special Coordinator. As long as the Comprehensive Nuclear Test
Ban Treaty (CTBT) has not entered into force, we urge all states to
maintain existing moratoria on nuclear testing.
We continue to emphasise the importance of universal accession and
adherence to, as well as full compliance with and implementation of,
the Chemical Weapons Convention and the Biological and Toxin Weapons
Convention (BTWC). While the Russian Federation is responsible for the
destruction of its chemical weapons, we confirm our support to Russia
in the area of chemical weapons destruction. We welcome the efforts
in the Ad Hoc Group of the BTWC to agree on measures, including possible
enforcement and compliance measures, to strengthen the Convention. We
remain fully committed to pursue efforts to ensure that the BTWC is
an effective instrument to counter the growing threat of biological
Also, we appeal to all states to participate constructively in the
Conference on Disarmament and in its different activities.
The December 2000 Report on options for confidence and security building
measures (CSBMs), verification, non-proliferation and arms control and
disarmament demonstrates the long-standing commitment of the Alliance
to the goals of arms control, disarmament and non-proliferation. The
Council in Permanent Session is following up on the recommendations
contained in this report and particularly those for confidence and security-building
measures related to nuclear issues with Russia through the PJC.
We are pleased that NATO's WMD Centre continues to contribute to improving
co-ordination of all WMD-related activities at NATO Headquarters, including
the strengthening of our commitments to arms control and non-proliferation.
After its first year of work, we note with appreciation the contribution
of the WMD Centre in supporting the tasks of the NATO Senior Groups
on Proliferation. The WMD Centre also provides information to Partner
countries on proliferation issues; of particular note are ongoing consultations
with Russia on the proliferation of WMD and their means of delivery.
We strongly condemn terrorism in all its manifestations. Terrorism
constitutes a threat to internal and international security, to peaceful
relations between States and to their territorial integrity, to the
development and functioning of democratic institutions throughout the
world and to the enjoyment of human rights and civil liberties. We reiterate
our strong determination to combat terrorism, in full compliance with
all our international commitments and national legislation. In this
context, we appreciate and support the work in the United Nations designed
to overcome this menace.
We have agreed on new Ministerial Guidance for Civil Emergency Planning,
which provides concrete recommendations to nations and the relevant
NATO bodies on how to move forward with the continuing adaptation process.
We will take concrete steps, including in terms of structures and procedures,
to implement this new political direction and look forward to involving
our Partners in this process.
We welcome the valuable role played by the Euro-Atlantic Disaster
Response Coordination Centre (EADRCC) in supporting Partners and Allies.
We are pleased with the good progress made by the Disaster Prevention
and Preparedness Initiative (DPPI) under the Working Table on Security
Issues of the Stability Pact, which has been supported by the EADRCC.
We applaud the cooperation across institutions and nations that DPPI
has fostered and stand ready to further contribute NATO expertise and
support to this important regional project.
In line with NATO's ongoing adaptation to the changing international
environment, and its expanded agenda, the Secretary General has launched
an initiative ("NATO+") to improve the effectiveness and efficiency
of the Organization. We received today a first report by the Secretary
General on this initiative and strongly support his efforts to make
a good organization even better. We place great importance on the continuing
modernisation of NATO and accordingly will follow the progress of this
initiative through the Council in Permanent Session.
We welcome the fact that, further to the Ministerial tasking from
December 2000, work has progressed to improve the transparency and efficiency
of NATO's Civil Budget, notably by adapting the budget to an output
or objectives-based format to reflect Alliance priorities. We task the
Council in Permanent Session to report to us on this issue at our next
We underline the importance of maintaining progress on the project
to provide the Organization with a modern and efficient headquarters
for the 21st century.
We express our deep appreciation to the Government of Hungary for
hosting this meeting.
recognises the Republic of Macedonia with its constitutional name.