Updated: 2 December 1999 NATO Press Releases


2 Dec. 1999

Financial and Economic Data
Relating to NATO Defence

Defence Expenditures of NATO Countries (1975 - 1999)

The figures given in table 1 (.PDF/11Kb) represent payments actually made or to be made during the course of the fiscal year. They are based on the NATO definition of defence expenditures. In view of the differences between this and national definitions, the figures shown may diverge considerably from those which are quoted by national authorities or given in national budgets. For countries providing military assistance, this is included in the expenditures figures. For countries receiving assistance, figures do not include the value of items received. Expenditures for research and development are included in equipment expenditures and pensions paid to retirees in personnel expenditures.

France is a member of the Alliance without belonging to the integrated military structure and does not participate in collective force planning. The defence data relating to France are indicative only.

Iceland has no armed forces.

The Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland joined the Alliance in 1999.


Table 1: (.PDF/11Kb) total defence expenditures
Table 2: (.PDF/8Kb) gross domestic product (GDP) and defence expenditure annual volume change
Table 3: (.PDF/9Kb) defence expenditures as % of GDP
Table 4: (.PDF/9Kb) GDP and defence expenditures per capita
Table 5: (.PDF/10Kb) distribution of defence expenditures by category
Table 6: (.PDF/9Kb) armed forces

The tables are also available as .XLS (Microsoft Excel version 5) (121Kb).

Reader's Guide

To avoid any ambiguity the fiscal year has been designated by the year which includes the highest number of months: e.g. 1997 represents the fiscal year 1997/1998 for Canada and U.K. and the fiscal year 1996/1997 for U.S.
Because of rounding, the total figures may differ from the sum of their components.

Conventional signs:

e estimated
- nil
.. not available
// not applicable
| break in continuity of series


Go to Homepage Go to Index