3 June 1996
- We met today in Berlin, the capital of a united Germany and the city that
stood for the success of Alliance policy and transatlantic cohesion for over four decades. Its
unification is now a symbol of the new era of partnership and cooperation.
- Here in Berlin, we have taken a major step forward in shaping the new NATO,
a NATO taking on new missions such as IFOR. Today, we have taken decisions to carry
further the ongoing adaptation of Alliance structures so that the Alliance can more effectively
carry out the full range of its missions, based on a strong transatlantic partnership; build a
European Security and Defence Identity within the Alliance; continue the process of opening
the Alliance to new members; and develop further strong ties of cooperation with all Partner
countries, including the further enhancement of our strong relationship with Ukraine, and the
development of a strong, stable and enduring partnership with Russia.
- This new NATO has become an integral part of the emerging, broadly based,
cooperative European security structure. We are in Bosnia and Herzegovina, together with
many of our new Partners and other countries, contributing through the Implementation Force
(IFOR) to bringing an end to war and conflict in that country and assisting the building of
peace in the region. This joint endeavour, the largest military operation in the Alliance's
history, points the way to our future security cooperation throughout the Euro-Atlantic area.
- We have today given new impetus to the process of the Alliance's adaptation
and reform, which began in 1990 at the NATO Summit meeting in London and was carried
forward at the 1994 Brussels Summit. Taking into account the sweeping changes in the
security environment in Europe as new democracies have taken root and following the
adoption of our new Strategic Concept in 1991, we have reorganised and streamlined our
political and military structures and procedures; reduced significantly our force and readiness
levels; and reconfigured our forces to make them better able to carry out the new missions
of crisis management, while preserving the capability for collective defence. In addition, we
have been conducting an expanding array of outreach activities with our Partners. We want
to make our adapted Alliance better able to fulfil its main purpose: peace and security in the
- Much has been achieved, but now is the moment to take a decisive step
forward in making the Alliance increasingly flexible and effective to meet new challenges.
Therefore we are determined to:
- adapt Alliance structures. An essential part of this adaptation is to build a European
Security and Defence Identity within NATO, which will enable all European Allies
to make a more coherent and effective contribution to the missions and activities of
the Alliance as an expression of our shared responsibilities; to act themselves as
required; and to reinforce the transatlantic partnership;
- develop further our ability to carry out new roles and missions relating to conflict
prevention and crisis management and the Alliance's efforts against the proliferation
of weapons of mass destruction and their means of delivery, while maintaining our
capability for collective defence; and
- enhance our contribution to security and stability throughout the Euro-Atlantic area by
broadening and deepening our dialogue and cooperation with Partners, notably through
PfP and NACC, and by further developing our important relations with Russia and
Ukraine, as we maintain our openness to new members through our established
enlargement process and strengthen our links with other organisations which contribute
to European security.
- Today we welcome the progress achieved in the internal adaptation of our
Alliance, building on the decisions taken at the 1994 Brussels Summit, in particular:
- the completion of the CJTF concept. By permitting a more flexible and mobile
deployment of forces, including for new missions, this concept will facilitate the
mounting of NATO contingency operations, the use of separable but not separate
military capabilities in operations led by the WEU, and the participation of nations
outside the Alliance in operations such as IFOR. We now request the Military
Committee to make recommendations to the Council for the implementation of this
concept to the satisfaction of all Allies, taking into account ongoing work to adapt
military structures and procedures;
- the establishment of the Policy Coordination Group (PCG), which will meet the need,
especially in NATO's new missions, for closer coordination of political and military
- the first results of the Military Committee's Long-Term Study, which will result in
recommendations for a military command structure better suited to current and future
Euro-Atlantic security. We task the Military Committee to continue its work on the
Long-Term Study, consistent with the decisions we have taken today;
- completion of original work plans of the Senior Politico-Military Group on
Proliferation (SGP) and the Senior Defence Group on Proliferation (DGP) to address
the common security concern of proliferation;
- the meeting later this month of the North Atlantic Council (Defence Ministers), in
which all 16 NATO countries will take part.
- In our adaptation efforts to improve the Alliance's capability to fulfil its roles
and missions, with the participation of all Allies, we will be guided by three fundamental
The first objective is to ensure the Alliance's military effectiveness so that it
is able, in the changing security environment facing Europe, to perform its traditional mission
of collective defence and through flexible and agreed procedures to undertake new roles in
changing circumstances, based on:
- situation in Europe and enables all Allies to participate fully and which is able to
undertake all missions through procedures to be defined in accordance with decisions
by the Council;
- HQ structures which are more deployable and forces which are more mobile, both
capable of being sustained for extended periods;
- the ability to provide for increased participation of Partner countries and to integrate
new members into the Alliance's military structure;
- the ability to mount NATO non-Article 5 operations, guided by the concept of one
system capable of performing multiple functions. We will further develop flexible
arrangements capable of undertaking a variety of missions and taking into account
national decisions on participation in each operation, building upon the strength of
NATO's existing arrangements. These operations may differ from one another in
contributions by Allies and, as a result of Council decision on a case-by-case basis,
aspects of military command and control. The CJTF concept is central to our
approach for assembling forces for contingency operations and organising their
command within the Alliance. Consistent with the goal of building the European
Security and Defence Identity within NATO, these arrangements should permit all
European Allies to play a larger role in NATO's military and command structures and,
as appropriate, in contingency operations undertaken by the Alliance;
- increased political-military cooperation in particular through the PCG, and effective
exercise of political control by the North Atlantic Council through the Military
- the need for cost-effectiveness.
The second objective is to preserve the transatlantic link, based on:
- maintenance of the Alliance as the essential forum for consultation among its members
and the venue for agreement on policies bearing on the security and defence
commitments of Allies under the Washington Treaty;
- further development of the strong partnership between North American and European
Allies, both politically and militarily, and including a continued involvement of the
North American Allies across the command and force structure;
- readiness to pursue common security objectives through the Alliance, wherever
- full transparency between NATO and WEU in crisis management, including as
necessary through joint consultations on how to address contingencies.
The third objective is the development of the European Security and Defence
Identity within the Alliance. Taking full advantage of the approved CJTF concept, this identity
will be grounded on sound military principles and supported by appropriate military planning
and permit the creation of militarily coherent and effective forces capable of operating under
the political control and strategic direction of the WEU.
As an essential element of the development of this identity, we will prepare,
with the involvement of NATO and the WEU, for WEU-led operations (including planning
and exercising of command elements and forces). Such preparations within the Alliance
should take into account the participation, including in European command arrangements, of
all European Allies if they were so to choose. It will be based on:
- identification, within the Alliance, of the types of separable but not separate
capabilities, assets and support assets, as well as, in order to prepare for WEU-led
operations, separable but not separate HQs, HQ elements and command positions, that
would be required to command and conduct WEU-led operations and which could be
made available, subject to decision by the NAC;
- elaboration of appropriate multinational European command arrangements within
NATO, consistent with and taking full advantage of the CJTF concept, able to
prepare, support, command and conduct the WEU-led operations. This implies
double-hatting appropriate personnel within the NATO command structure to perform
these functions. Such European command arrangements should be identifiable and the
arrangements should be sufficiently well articulated to permit the rapid constitution of
a militarily coherent and effective operational force.
Further, the Alliance will support the development of the ESDI within NATO
by conducting at the request of and in coordination with the WEU, military planning and
exercises for illustrative WEU missions identified by the WEU. On the basis of political
guidance to be provided by the WEU Council and the NAC, such planning would, at a
- prepare relevant information on objectives, scope and participation for illustrative
- identify requirements for planning and exercising of command elements and forces for
illustrative WEU-led operations;
- develop appropriate plans for submission through the MC and NAC to the WEU for
review and approval.
NATO and the WEU should agree on arrangements for implementing such plans. The NAC
will approve the release of NATO assets and capabilities for WEU-led operations, keep itself
informed on their use through monitoring with the advice of the NATO Military Authorities
and through regular consultations with the WEU Council, and keep their use under review.
On the basis of the guidelines agreed today, we have tasked the Council in Permanent Session, with the advice of NATO's Military Authorities:
- to provide guidance and develop specific proposals for further adapting the Alliance's
structures and procedures;
- to develop, with regard to the European Security and Defence Identity within the
Alliance, appropriate measures and arrangements for implementing the provisions of
paragraph 7. Among the arrangements which require detailed elaboration will be
provisions for the identification and release for use by the WEU of NATO capabilities,
assets, and HQs and HQ elements for missions to be performed by the WEU; any
necessary supplement to existing information- sharing arrangements for the conduct
of WEU operations; and how consultations will be conducted with the NAC on the use
of NATO assets and capabilities, including the NATO monitoring of the use of these
and to report to our December meeting with recommendations for decisions.
- As part of this work, we have tasked the Council in Permanent Session to
review the ongoing work on NATO's military command structure and to report to us at our
next meeting with recommendations.
- The second aspect of the Alliance's adaptation is to develop our ability to carry
out new roles and missions such as Operation Joint Endeavour. The NATO-led
Implementation Force (IFOR) is successfully implementing the military aspects of the Peace
Agreement in Bosnia and Herzegovina, an agreement of historic importance for the
development of peace, security and reconciliation in the region. The IFOR operation has
brought together NATO with 16 non-NATO countries from Europe, North Africa, the Middle
East and Asia in a unified and effective coalition for peace. This includes 12 of our NACC
and PfP Partners, which emphasises our joint commitment to new forms of cooperative
security in Europe. Russia's contribution underscores both the ability of the Alliance to build
practical new partnerships and Russia's essential role in the new international security
In the six months of its deployment, IFOR has helped to re-establish the belief
among the people of Bosnia and Herzegovina that peace is possible. A secure environment
is becoming a reality. The forces of the former warring factions have been separated and are
in the process of demobilising and moving to cantonments. IFOR will not tolerate threats to
peace or impediments to freedom of movement. It will continue to fulfil its mandate in an
even-handed and fair manner.
IFOR is providing increased support to the implementation of the civilian
aspects of the Peace Agreement within its existing mandate, so long as this does not detract
from its primary military mission. The success of the civilian mission is key to lasting peace
and rehabilitation, in particular through economic and social reconstruction, the conduct of
free and fair elections, the return of refugees and displaced persons, and the maintenance of
law and order. The apprehending of war criminals and the investigation of war crimes are
essential to bring justice and durable peace to Bosnia and Herzegovina.
We pay tribute to the work of the High Representative and will continue to
support him in his difficult coordination task. We note with approval IFOR's effective
cooperation with his Office. IFOR is also actively working with other civilian organisations,
including the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees in its planning for the return
of refugees and displaced persons; the work of the International Criminal Tribunal for the
former Yugoslavia (ICTY) in investigating war crimes and bringing war criminals to justice;
with the International Police Task Force in its task of rebuilding law and order; with the
International Committee of the Red Cross in respect of humanitarian issues; and with the
Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) in respect of its responsibilities
for the preparation and conduct of elections and for arms control and confidence-building
measures. In this connection, we call on the Parties to conclude a sub-regional arms control
agreement by 11th June, as foreseen in the Peace Agreement.
The war in Bosnia and Herzegovina has been ended, but the peace remains
fragile. The period between now and September will be crucial for preparing the elections
in Bosnia and Herzegovina - a significant milestone along the path to democracy and
reconstruction. Given the magnitude and complexity of this task, IFOR will be maintained
at approximately its current force levels until after the elections which will have to take place
in September at the latest under the Peace Agreement, and will retain its overall capability
until December, when IFOR's mandate comes to an end.
IFOR also stands ready to provide emergency support, as agreed, to UNTAES
in Eastern Slavonia as peace there is realised.
We commend the professionalism, dedication to duty, and bravery of all IFOR
participants, jointly and individually, and express deep sympathy to the families of those who
have given their lives or been injured in the cause of peace.
NATO has helped provide a vision of peace through cooperative efforts, even
among former adversaries. All our countries are deeply engaged, directly and through
international cooperation, in establishing the conditions for enduring peace and reconstruction
by promoting mutual confidence, justice, reconciliation and military stability. The
international community can provide assistance and advice, but the people and leaders of
Bosnia and Herzegovina and the region must assume their own responsibilities for building
peace. We call on all parties to devote renewed energies to these goals and to honour fully
their commitment to implement the Peace Agreement.
- A key part of Alliance adaptation is action stemming from the decision taken at
the 1994 Brussels Summit to intensify and expand the Alliance's political and defence efforts
against the risks posed by the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and their means
of delivery. Proliferation of nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) weapons continues to
be a matter of serious concern to NATO as it can pose a direct threat to international security.
We remain committed to our aim to prevent proliferation in the first place, or, if it occurs,
to reverse it through diplomatic means. NATO as a defensive alliance must bear the
responsibility to ensure means to protect its members against the risks resulting from
The work of the Senior Politico-Military Group on Proliferation (SGP) and the
Senior Defence Group on Proliferation (DGP) - both established following the 1994 Brussels
Summit - is an essential element of maintaining Alliance security and an integral aspect of
NATO's adaptation to the new security environment facing Europe. We are satisfied with the
progress of the work of the SGP and have endorsed the recommendations of the DGP for
improvements to Alliance military capabilities to address the risks posed by the proliferation
of NBC weapons and their delivery means.
- As part of its overall adaptation, the Alliance has continued to adapt to the new
security situation facing Europe by strengthening its relations with the Partner countries and
with other international organisations playing important roles in enhancing security and
stability in the Euro-Atlantic area. This pattern of growing, open and transparent cooperation
has become a central feature of the Alliance's concept of cooperative security.
- We reaffirm our commitment to open the Alliance to new members. The
process of enlargement is on track and we are convinced that the overall adaptation of the
Alliance will facilitate this process. As decided last December, we have a three-fold process
for advancing our preparations this year: we are conducting an intensified dialogue with
interested countries; working on a further enhancement of PfP both to help possible new
members to join and to provide a strong long-term partnership with NATO for others; and
considering the necessary internal adaptations for enlargement. We have today reviewed
progress in each of these areas and are pleased at the steady advances being made. We have
received a report on the ongoing consultations in the individual, intensified dialogue with, so
far, fifteen interested countries. It provides them with an opportunity to improve their
understanding of the Alliance and to address implications of NATO enlargement, and provides
those who aim for membership with specific and practical details of Alliance membership.
The dialogue will continue actively over the coming months. We are pleased to note the
national efforts of Partners complementing our work. We will ensure that considerations
about enlargement are factored into our deliberations and decisions on the internal adaptation
process of the Alliance. We look forward to a report by the Secretary General at our next
meeting in December, at which time we will assess progress and consider the way forward.
We reaffirm our determination that the process of opening the Alliance to new
members should not create dividing lines in Europe or isolate any country. Our goal remains
ever-closer and deeper cooperative ties with all NACC and PfP Partners who wish to build
such relations with us. The enlargement of the Alliance is consistent with a wider process of
cooperation and integration already underway in today's Europe involving the EU and the
WEU as well as the OSCE, the Council of Europe and other European institutions. Our
strategy is to help build a broad European security architecture based on true cooperation
throughout the whole of Europe.
- Partnership for Peace has become a permanent element of European security
cooperation and has demonstrated its value in the current IFOR operation. We are particularly
pleased that 12 Partners have joined us in this endeavour, which has benefitted from the
experience and interoperability gained in the last two years from the participation of Partner
troop contributors in joint PfP exercises and other PfP activities. This first common
experience in IFOR charts the course for future security cooperation. We hope to ensure that
cooperative relationships developed during the IFOR operation between Allies and Partners
continue in the future to enhance the Partnership. We intend to take further measures to
increase Partners' involvement in our efforts to promote security through regional cooperation,
including through facilitating participation in CJTF at an early stage. This will be
particularly important as the Alliance adapts to meet its new missions.
We are pleased that the Allies and Partners together have made significant
progress in achieving the goals set for PfP by the NAC Communiqu of December 1995. The
wide interest and active participation by Partner countries have significantly carried forward
the Partnership for Peace in a short time.
We seek constantly to enhance the scope and substance of our PfP cooperation.
We therefore welcome the report from the Council in Permanent Session on the extra steps
which can be taken in the short term, in particular the broadening and deepening of the PfP
Planning and Review Process which will accelerate progress towards interoperability, and the
intensification of work on civil-military relations and defence policy and planning.
The Council in Permanent Session should also examine ideas outlined in
general terms in the report for longer-term strengthening of PfP. Specifically, we should
increase opportunities for Partners to assume a more consultative and deliberative role in
shaping PfP programmes, including in evaluating and upgrading PfP interoperability objectives
and the PfP exercise programme. Partners should also be involved in the PfP exercise and
other military planning activities at different levels through the Coordination Cell, and with
the MNCs and subordinate commands for detailed operational planning. In addition, we
should ensure that the cooperative relationships Partners and Allies are developing in IFOR
continue in the future as part of PfP regional cooperative programmes.
- We are looking forward to our 6th meeting with Partners tomorrow in the
North Atlantic Cooperation Council. The Council provides us with a forum for regular,
multilateral consultations on political and security issues. Together with the Partnership for
Peace, the North Atlantic Cooperation Council, especially through broad participation by
Partner countries in numerous NATO-based committees, contributes increasingly to European
security and stability by deepening interaction and developing common approaches. We are
pleased with the results of the NACC's more focussed discussions, especially in the field of
promoting good- neighbourly relations and developing civil-military relations. We look
forward to deepening this process. When we next meet in December, we will review the
progress made in strengthening NACC's role and further developing cooperation between
Allies and Partners, on the basis of a report by the Council in Permanent Session.
- We reaffirm our strong support for the ongoing political and economic reforms
in Russia. In a few days the Russian Federation will hold national presidential elections. We
hope that these elections will mark a further consolidation of Russia's reform process.
We remain convinced that the development of a strong, stable and enduring
partnership between NATO and Russia is an essential element of security in the Euro-Atlantic
area. We all want to have solid and constructive bilateral relations with Russia and close,
cooperative, far-reaching relations between NATO and Russia. We have initiated a
considerable number of contacts, consultations and programmes to strengthen our partnership.
Here in Berlin, we extend again our hand of friendship, partnership and cooperation to Russia.
We welcome Russia's substantive contribution to IFOR in implementing the
military aspects of the Paris Peace Agreement. We are pleased with the prevailing spirit of
cooperation, shared objectives, and joint efforts to ensure operational military effectiveness.
We hope that this experience of working closely together will have a lasting positive impact
on our relationship. It demonstrates that we can collaborate effectively on issues of European
peace and stability. It points the way towards the construction of cooperative security
structures in Europe with the active participation of NATO and Russia.
We are pleased that important consultations have taken place in a 16+1 format
on the situation in the former Yugoslavia, the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction
and the safe and secure dismantlement of nuclear weapons, and the CFE Treaty, among
others, and that cooperation in different fields of NATO's activities is ongoing. We are
pleased with the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding on Civil Emergency Planning
and Disaster Preparedness between the Alliance and the Ministry of the Russian Federation
for Civil Defence, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters. We
want to widen the scope and deepen the intensity of relations with Russia, on both the
political and the military levels, in line with the approach set out in the document on "Areas
for Pursuance of a Broad, Enhanced NATO/Russia Dialogue and Cooperation" which we
agreed in June 1995. We reiterate our proposal to achieve a political framework for NATO-
Russia relations elaborating basic principles for security cooperation as well as for the
development of permanent mechanisms for political consultations.
- We remain convinced that an independent, democratic and stable Ukraine is one
of the key factors of stability and security in Europe. We are pleased with Ukraine's active
participation in the North Atlantic Cooperation Council and the Partnership for Peace. Since
our last meeting, NATO-Ukraine relations have deepened through the implementation of the
document on enhanced NATO-Ukraine relations agreed in September 1995 and through
Ukraine's active participation in IFOR. We welcome the deepening of our dialogue and
cooperation in such diverse fields as civil emergency planning, scientific affairs and
information activities. In this context, we note with appreciation Ukraine's offer to provide
support for enhanced NATO information efforts in that country. We wish to develop our
cooperative activities further, through concrete work in the areas set out in the September
1995 document, and take further opportunities to enhance the substance of the relationship.
We welcome the recent announcement that all nuclear weapons have been transferred from
the territory of Ukraine for dismantlement, in accordance with the US-Russia-Ukraine trilateral
statement signed in Moscow in January 1994.
- We are determined to enhance NATO's information efforts in Russia and
Ukraine in consultation with their governments. We have tasked the Council in Permanent
Session to take concrete steps to this end.
- We will also continue to develop our cooperative relationships, bilaterally and
through the Alliance's initiatives, with all newly independent states. Their democratic and
economic development, continued independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity are
essential factors for stability and security in the Euro-Atlantic area.
- We are satisfied with the growing ties between NATO and the WEU, and are
determined to broaden and deepen our cooperation with the WEU, on the basis of the agreed
principles of complementarity and transparency. We welcome the conclusion of a security
agreement between our organisations, and the framework it provides for the exchange of
information critical to the pursuit of our common security objectives. We hope that this will
open the way for more intensive cooperation. We are pleased that, in response to our
mandate to the Council in Permanent Session, additional areas of focussed NATO-WEU
cooperation (joint meetings on their respective Mediterranean dialogues and exchanges of
information in the field of relations with Russia and Ukraine) have been identified. We will
explore possibilities for enhanced cooperation in other areas as well. We attach importance
to our consultations, including in joint NATO-WEU Council meetings, on issues of common
concern. We welcome the resumption of meetings of the WEU Permanent Council with
We continue to support the WEU in its efforts to enhance the development of
its operational capabilities and welcome the decisions taken in this regard last month at the
WEU Ministerial Council in Birmingham.
- The Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) has an
essential role to play in European security and stability. We reaffirm our commitment to
support the OSCE's comprehensive approach to security and the ongoing process of
developing a security model for the 21st Century. We value the OSCE's effectiveness in the
prevention, management and resolution of conflicts and the work of the High Commissioner
for National Minorities. These are important contributions to regional stability which we will
continue to support and work to strengthen.
The OSCE is playing a vitally important role in Bosnia and Herzegovina
contributing to implementing civil aspects of the Peace Agreement, particularly in supervising
the preparation and conduct of the first elections, in promoting and monitoring human rights,
and in overseeing implementation of confidence- and security-building measures and
negotiation of arms limitations. These tasks are a major contribution to building a just and
stable peace in the region. IFOR is supporting the OSCE's tasks, and in particular the
preparation of the elections, by helping to create a secure environment and promoting freedom
of movement. We are also pleased with the practical support that NATO has been able to
provide through its Verification Coordination Section to the OSCE in helping establish
measures to verify the arms control elements of the Peace Agreement. We support the
continued development of such pragmatic cooperation between NATO and the OSCE.
We remain deeply concerned about developments in Chechnya which have
caused so much suffering and so many casualties. We welcome the announcement of a
ceasefire in Chechnya and look forward to its full and effective implementation. We call for
continued meaningful negotiations leading to a peaceful settlement of the dispute, using the
continuing good offices of the OSCE. We support the efforts of the Minsk Group to achieve
a political settlement of the conflict in and around Nagorno-Karabakh.
We welcome the established contacts between the North Atlantic Council and
the OSCE Chairman-in-Office. We will continue our efforts to strengthen dialogue between
NATO and the OSCE on issues of common concern, including through senior representation
at Ministerial meetings and, on a more routine basis, through the International Staff.
- We support the ongoing Middle East peace process, and urge all participants
to remain committed to it. We reiterate our conviction that security in Europe is greatly
affected by security and stability in the Mediterranean. We attach particular importance to
the progress of our Mediterranean dialogue with non-NATO countries. Egypt, Israel, Jordan,
Mauritania, Morocco and Tunisia are participating today in the political dialogue underway.
We are pleased with the interest shown by the dialogue countries and with the talks already
held. We are convinced that this dialogue is a contribution to a better mutual understanding
with a view to contributing to stability in the region. We direct the Council in Permanent
Session to report at our meeting in December on the activities undertaken on the basis of the
- We strongly support the work of the Conference on Disarmament in achieving
a truly comprehensive and sufficiently verifiable global ban on all nuclear testing by
September this year at the latest and in initiating negotiations on a fissile material cut-off
treaty on the basis of the already-existing mandate.
We emphasise the importance of the START Treaties for international stability
and security, and commend the United States and Russia for implementation of their START
I obligations. We welcome ratification of START II by the United States Senate last January
and urge its early ratification by the Russian Federation.
We look forward to the early entry into force and full implementation of the
Chemical Weapons Convention and strongly endorse efforts underway to negotiate a
compliance regime for the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention.
We urge the early ratification of the Treaty on Open Skies by those states
which have not already ratified.
- We welcome the successful outcome of the CFE Treaty Review Conference in
Vienna. The Final Document agreed by the 30 States Parties reaffirms their common
commitment to preserve the integrity of the Treaty and achieve its full implementation. The
success of the Conference confirms that the CFE Treaty is and will remain for the future a
cornerstone of European security and stability. We call upon those States Parties which have
not yet fully completed their reductions obligations to do so as soon as possible.
We note with satisfaction the achievement of a cooperative solution to the flank
issue. This is an important step in ensuring the full implementation of the Treaty and the
preservation of its integrity. In this context, we underscore the importance of full respect for
the sovereignty of the States Parties involved. It provides a reaffirmation of the continuing
relevance of the basic structures of the Treaty, including the principle of zonal limitations.
We look forward to its full and timely implementation.
The Allies welcome agreement by the States Parties to the Treaty to begin
discussions aimed at defining the scope and parameters of a process aimed at improving the
operation of the Treaty in a changing environment. They look forward to participating
actively in this work together with the other States Parties, with a view to reporting initial
progress at the time of the OSCE Summit in Lisbon in December 1996 including
recommendations on the way ahead.
- We support all efforts to combat terrorism, a universal scourge which remains
a source of concern to all of us. We welcome the growing international awareness and
cooperation as regards terrorism since our last meeting, and note with satisfaction the
conclusions of the Sharm-el Sheikh Summit, as well as the work advanced by the international
community in the relevant fora.
- We express our deep appreciation to the Government of Germany for hosting