MG Riho Terras was born on 17 April 1967 in Kohtla-Järve, Estonia.
After graduating from the Basic Officer’s Course in Estonia, MG Terras served as a Company Commander and as a Battalion Second in Command of the Kalev Single Infantry Battalion from 1992 to 1993. Between 1993 and 1994 MG Terras served as the commander of the Põhja Single Infantry Company. After graduating from the Bundeswehr University (Germany) he served as the commander of the Guard Battalion from 1998 to 2000. MG Terras was appointed the Chief of Staff of the Defence League Headquarters in 2000. From 2001 to 2004 he served as the Estonian Defence Attaché in Germany and Poland.
Between 2005 and 2008 MG Terras served as the Chief of the Analysis and Planning Department and as Chief of the Planning Section, Analysis and Planning Department in the Estonian Defence Forces Headquarters. In 2007, MG Terras served in the NATO Training Mission - Iraq as Deputy Chief of Staff. MG Riho Terras was confirmed on December 2008 as Permanent Secretary of the Estonian Ministry of Defence. Before taking up the position of the Permanent Secretary, he was Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations in the Estonian Defence Forces.
MG Terras served as the Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations of the Estonian Defence forces from January 2011 to March 2011 and then continued his service as the Chief of Staff of the Estonian Defence Forces.
MG Riho Terras was appointed the Commander of Estonian Defence Forces from December 5th 2011.
His military education includes studies in the Royal College of Defence Studies in the United Kingdom, the Joint Command and General Staff Course in the Baltic Defence College, the European Security Policy Course in the Geneva Centre of Security Policy, a Battalion Commander’s Course in Switzerland, a Company Commander’s course in Germany, a Company Commander’s course in Sweden and the Officer’s Basic course in Estonia.
MG Terras’s civilian education includes history studies in the University of Tartu, and a master’s degree in Political Science and Sociology from the University of Bundeswehr.
Throughout his career, MG Terras has received numerous decorations: Order of the Cross of the Eagle (IV class), Distinguished Service Decoration of the EDF, Second Class of the Cross of Merit of the Ministry of Defence, Distinguished Service Decoration of the Ministry of Defence (gold, silver), Distinguished Service Decoration of the Information Board (II class), White Cross of the Defence League (III class), Cross of the Estonian Reserve Officers’ Assembly (silver), NATO Medal for the NATO Training Mission in Iraq, Estonian Defence Forces General Staff Cross of Merit, MoD Medal of Participants in International Military Operations, among others.
In addition to the Estonian language MG Terras is fluent in English, German and Russian.
He is married with two sons. His hobbies are opera, medieval history and hunting.