In its PfP Presentation Document submitted to NATO in September 2007, Serbia indicated its intention to become an active participant in the Partnership for Peace. As Allied leaders reiterated at their summit meeting in Chicago in May 2012, NATO stands ready to further develop an ambitious and substantive relationship with Serbia, making full use of its PfP membership, while at the same time respecting Serbia’s policy of military neutrality.
In a speech on 29 June 2011, NATO’s Secretary General stated that “Serbia’s future lies in peaceful cooperation with its neighbours and with the European Union and NATO. […] We have made good progress these past few years in developing a sound basis for partnership and cooperation. It is now up to Serbia to decide if it wants to move forwards in its cooperation with NATO, and how fast.”
Kosovo is of course a key subject in NATO's dialogue with Serbia. The Alliance intervened militarily in early 1999 to bring an end to the violence in Kosovo, subsequently deploying the NATO-led Kosovo peacekeeping force (KFOR) to provide a safe and secure environment and facilitate reconstruction. KFOR remains crucial to guaranteeing security in Kosovo and will remain in Kosovo on the basis of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244 to ensure a safe and secure environment, including freedom of movement for all people.
At the Chicago Summit, the Allies reiterated their support for Serbia’s Euro-Atlantic integration and encouraged Belgrade to continue building a strong partnership with NATO. Allied leaders also called upon Serbia to support further efforts towards the consolidation of peace and stability in Kosovo. They urged Belgrade and Pristina to take full advantage of the opportunities offered to promote peace, security, and stability in the region, in particular by the European Union-facilitated dialogue.