Each member country is represented at every level of the committee structure in the fields of NATO activity in which they participate.
NATO currently has an extensive network of committees, covering everything from political issues, to improving capabilities, to technical issues related to the Alliance’s military interoperability.
NATO committees are currently under review so as to help NATO respond more effectively to today’s security concerns and to the need for more integrated, flexible working procedures.
The principal committees
The North Atlantic Council (NAC) is the principal political decision-making body within NATO and the only committee that was established by the founding Treaty. Under Article 9, the NAC is invested with the authority to set up "such subsidiary bodies as may be necessary" for the purposes of implementing the Treaty. Over the years, the Council has established a network of committees to facilitate the Alliance’s work and deal with all subjects on its agenda.
The principal NATO committees are the NAC, the Nuclear Planning Group (NPG) and the Military Committee. The Defence Planning Committee (DPC), which was also one of NATO’s top decision-making bodies, was dissolved under the June 2010 committee reform and its functions taken over by the NAC.
Committees reporting to the NAC
In addition to the NAC, the NPG and the Military Committee, there are a number of committees that report directly to the Council. Some of these are themselves supported by working groups, especially in areas such as defence procurement.
Committees reporting to the NAC include the following, which it must be noted are currently under review and could be subject to change:
- Deputies Committee
- Political and Partnerships Committee
- Defence Policy and Planning Committee
- Committee on Proliferation
- Consultation, Command and Control Board (C3B)
- Operations Policy Committee
- High Level Task Force on Conventional Arms Control
- Verification Coordinating Committee
- Conference of National Armaments Directors
- Committee for Standardization
- Logistics Committee
- Resource Policy and Planning Board
- Air and Missile Defence Committee
- Air Traffic Management Committee
- Civil Emergency Planning Committee
- Committee on Public Diplomacy
- Council Operations and Exercises Committee
- Security Committee
- Civilian Intelligence Committee
- Archives Commitee
Additionally, there are institutions of cooperation, partnership and dialogue that underpin relations between NATO and other countries.
- Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council
- NATO-Russia Council
- NATO-Ukraine Commission
- NATO-Georgia Commission
- Mediterranean Cooperation Group
- Istanbul Cooperation Initiative Group
With the exception of the NAC, committees were gradually established after the signing of the Washington Treaty on 4 April 1949 (for further information on how the committee structure evolved, see “NATO: The first five years, 1949-1954”, by Lord Ismay).
From time to time, the NATO committee structure is reviewed and reorganized so as to make it more efficient, responsive and relevant to NATO’s current priorities. This includes eliminating obsolete committees and creating new bodies.
Since its creation in 1949, the Alliance has undergone two major committee restructurings. The first took place in 1990 after the end of the Cold War, and the second in 2002, in the wake of the attacks of September 11, 2001.
A third major committee review started in June 2010 and is currently being implemented and fine-tuned.