NATO - North Atlantic Treaty Organization

Building Integrity (BI) Programme

The Building Integrity (BI) Programme is part of NATO’s commitment to strengthening good governance in the defence and security sector. It was established by the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council in November 2007 in the framework of the Partnership Action Plan on Defence Institution Building (PAP-DIB). The BI programme seeks to raise awareness, promote good practice and provide practical tools to help nations enhance integrity and reduce risks of corruption in the security sector by strengthening transparency and accountability.

At the NATO Summit in Chicago in May 2012, Allied leaders welcomed the Status Report on Building Integrity and the progress achieved by NATO’s Building Integrity Programme, which has made important contributions to promoting transparency, accountability, and integrity in the defence sector of interested nations.

BI is focused in particular on the management of financial and human resources. In taking this work forward, Allies agree that priority should be given to developing a BI contribution to support the Afghan National Security Forces.  This is in addition to ongoing efforts to develop a tailored BI programme to support nations in South Eastern Europe.

The BI Status Report also highlighted the importance of education and training in building capacity and sustaining change. The North Atlantic Council agree that NATO Military Authorities led by Allied Command Transformation are to develop a BI Education and Training Plan. This will provide the necessary framework for supporting NATO civilian and military efforts to promote good govenance in the defence and security sector as well as addressing requirements for NATO led operations. 

The BI programme is supported by voluntary contributions to the BI Trust Fund led by Belgium, Norway, Poland, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.

Making effective use of resources in the defence and security sector is a challenge faced by all nations. The BI programme of activities and tools are  open to all Allies and NATO’s partners in the Euro-Atlantic area, the Mediterranean and the Gulf region, as well as other partners across the globe, including Afghanistan.

  • Implementation

    Participation in the BI Programme is on a voluntary basis.

    The NATO International Staff  serves as the executing agent and project manager for the BI Programme and works closely with nations and other international organisations  as well as representaives of civil society to develop a mulit-year programme to promote awareness and  understanding  of corruption and  its impact on military operations and peace and security as well as practical tools and mechanism - the BI Tool Kit.  Where possible the BI programme is being integrated and aligned with national processes as well as NATO partnerhsip mechanisms.

    BI is also supported by a network of implementing partners – drawn from NATO countries, partner nations and civil society.  They include the NATO School in Oberammergau, Germany, the Geneva Centre for Security Policy, the Geneva Centre for Democratic Control of the Armed Forces, Transparency International (UK Defence Team),  the Swedish National Defence College, the Bulgarian and Norwegian ministries of defence, and Partnership for Peace Education and Training Centres in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United States. These institutions support implementation of BI by provide expertise advice on training and education and by hosting BI activities.

  • Building Integrity Tool Kit

    The Building Integrity Tool Kit includes  a BI Self Assessment Survey (available on the NATO website in English, French , Arabic, Dari and Russian) and a Peer Review Process, BI courses certified by Allied Command Transformation, resource material, a Pool of BI Subject Matter Experts and a network of institutions.

    Nations use the BI Self Assessment Survey to map current practices and procedures in defence and security establishments.  The Peer Review is based on an analysis of the completed survey and provides a framework for identifying and promoting good practice as well as developing national action plans and benchmarks. Nations completing the BI Self Assessment  may request a Peer Review and expert support to develop a tailored action plan.  To date, BI Peer Reviews have been completed for - Afghanistan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Norway, and Ukraine. Peer Reviews for Hungary, Latvia and Serbia are ongoing.

    BI courses have been conducted in the EAPC area as well as Afghanistan for more than  550 civil and defence and security personnel.  In 2012, BI courses are being conducted at the PfP Centre in Ankara,  Turkey, and the NATO School Oberammergau, Germany.

    The BI Tool Kit also includes resources -  “Building Integrity and Reducing Corruption in Defence: A Compendium of Best Practices” (available in English, Arabic, Russian and Ukrainian; see links in right-hand margin). This Compendium provides a strategic approach to reducing corruption risks. It focuses on the practicalities of designing and implementing integrity-building programmes in defence, while taking into account the cultural specifics of defence organisations.

    BI is supported by a pool of subject matter experts, drawn from national civilian and defence ministries, international organizations and civil society.  These experts provide advice and take an active role in the development and implementation of all aspects of the BI programme such as the BI Peer Reviews and pre-deployment activities for ISAF.


Building Integrity: Publication in Arabic

16 Oct. 2012

Cross-interview with Ambassador Benedict de Cerjat, Head of the Swiss Mission to NATO, Ambassador Dirk Brengelmann, Assistant Secretary General for NATO Political Affairs and Security Policy and Mr. Yassine Foukara, Director of Strategy and Studies of ...

  • Play audio Building Integrity: Publication in Arabic

    16 Oct. 2012

    Cross-interview with Ambassador Benedict de Cerjat, Head of the Swiss Mission to NATO, Ambassador Dirk Brengelmann, Assistant Secretary General for NATO Political Affairs and Security Policy and Mr. Yassine Foukara, Director of Strategy and Studies of ...

  • Play audio Building Integrity: MD and ICI

    16 Oct. 2012

    Remarks by Mr. Nicola de Santis, Head of the Middle East and North Africa Section at NATO Headquarters on Building Integrity and NATO's outreach to the Mediterranean and the Middle East.

  • Play audio Building Integrity: DCAF Experts

    16 Oct. 2012

    Cross-Interview with Dr. Phillip Fluri, Deputy Head at the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces and Professor Haykel Ben Mahfoudh, Senior Advisor at the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces in Tunis on Building Int.

Last updated: 03-Dec-2012 17:30


The Building Integrity Programme and Gender 07 Mar. 2014 Both Building Integrity and NATO’s support for the implementation of the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security, launched in 2007, are cross-cutting and require an innovative and flexible approach. They contribute to NATO’s crisis prevention and conflict management resolution. The two initiatives have developed a close synergy, trading best practice and sharing expertise. 
Building Integrity and Reducing Corruption in Defence - A Compendium of Best Practices 01 Jan. 2010 Transparency and corruption challenges in the defence sphere often affect not only transition states but also established democracies. This compendium, the product of cooperation between Transparency International UK, the NATO PfP team and DCAF, focuses on concepts and tools which can ensure good practices in defence management and policy through ‘integrity building’. Designed primarily as an introduction and reference tool for defence personnel, civilians in the defence sphere, democratic institutions, and civil society will also find materials on integrity building and anti-corruption measures which are relevant to their own security governance activities.