At one stage it was thought that Father Christmas (Santa Claus)
lives in the North Pole. In 1925 it was discovered that there are
no reindeer in the North Pole. But there are lots in Lapland, Finland.
So today we know that the reindeer live around the secret village
of Father Christmas and the elves reside somewhere on the Korvatunturi
mountain in the Savukoski county of Lapland, Finland, which is on
the Finnish-Russian border.
Long ago, Father Christmas and the elves discovered the special
formula of Magical Reindeer Dust that makes them fly. This dust
is sprinkled on each of the reindeer shortly before they leave on
Christmas eve. It gives them enough magic to fly right around the
world. They can fly very fast: at about the speed of a Christmas
Rudolph is the most famous reindeer. He is the leader of the other
8, whose names are Blitzen, Comet, Cupid, Dancer, Dasher, Donder,
Prancer, and Vixen.
Clement Clark Moore, an American poet and professor of theology,
in his 1822 poem "A Visit From St. Nicholas", published
the names of the 8 reindeer. About Rudolph was first written in
1939 by Robert May, who included him in a story for the Montgomery
Ward Christmas catalogue. (Of course, the elves knew their names
long, long before Moore and May did.)